creativity is a powerful asset





The Carlsbad Village Boutique Hotel








Carlsbad is an affluent seaside resort city occupying a seven [7] mile [11 km] stretch of Pacific coastline in northern San Diego County, California.

The city is eighty-seven [87] miles [140 km] south of Los Angeles and thirty-five [35] miles [56 km] north of downtown San Diego and is part of the San Diego-Carlsbad, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Referred to as "The Village by the Sea" by locals, the city is a tourist destination. The city's estimated 2014 population was 112,299.









Carlsbad Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 39.1 square miles [101 km2] of which 37.7 square miles [98 km2] are land and 1.4 square miles [3.6 km2] are [3.55%] water, the majority of which is contained within three [3] lagoons and one [1] lake.

The northern area of the city is part of a tri-city area consisting of northern Carlsbad, southern Oceanside and western Vista.


Pleasant Carlsbad Climate

Carlsbad has a Semi-Arid Mediterranean Climate and averages two hundred sixty-three [263] sunny days per year.

Winters are mild with periodic rain. Frost is rare along the coast, but sometimes occurs in inland valleys in December and January. Summer is almost rain free, but sometimes overcast and cool with fog off the Pacific.

While most days have mild and pleasant temperatures, hot dry Santa Ana winds bring high temperatures on a few days each year, mostly in the Fall.





Rail transport is a means of conveyance of passengers and goods, by way of wheeled vehicles running on rails. It is also commonly referred to as train transport. In contrast to road transport, where vehicles run on a prepared flat surface, rail vehicles are also directionally guided by the tracks on which they run. Track usually consists of steel rails, installed on ties [sleepers] and ballast, on which the rolling stock, usually fitted with metal wheels, moves.

However, other variations are also possible, such as slab track where the rails are fastened to a concrete foundation resting on a prepared subsurface.

Rolling stock in railway transport systems generally has lower frictional resistance when compared with highway vehicles and the passenger and freight cars [carriages and wagons] can be coupled into longer trains.

The operation is carried out by a railway company, or dedicated Rail Agency, providing transport between train stations or freight customer facilities. Power is provided by locomotives which either draw electrical power from a railway electrification system or produce their own power, usually by diesel engines. Most tracks are accompanied by a signalling system.

Railways are a safe land transport system when compared to other forms of transport. Railway transport is capable of high levels of passenger and cargo utilization and energy efficiency, but is often less flexible and more capital-intensive than highway transport is, when lower traffic levels are considered.


Brief Rail Transportation History

The oldest, man-hauled railways date back to the sixth [6th] century B.C, with Periander, one of the Seven Sages of Greece, credited with its invention. Rail transport blossomed after the British development of the steam locomotive as a viable source of the power in the eighteenth [18th] and nineteenth [19th] centuries. With steam engines, it was possible to construct mainline railways, which were a key component of the industrial revolution.

Also, railways reduced the costs of shipping, and allowed for fewer lost goods, compared with shipping, which faced occasional sinking of ships. The change from canals to railways allowed for "national markets" in which prices varied very little from city to city. Studies have shown that the invention and development of the railway in Europe was one of the most important technological inventions of the late nineteenth [19th] century for the United States, without which, GDP would have been lower by seven [7.0%] percent in 1890.

In the 1880s, electrified trains were introduced, and also the first tramways and rapid transit systems came into being. Starting during the 1940s, the non-electrified railways in most countries had their steam locomotives replaced by diesel-electric locomotives, with the process being almost complete by 2000.

During the 1960s, electrified high-speed railway systems were introduced in Japan and later in some other countries. Other forms of guided ground transport outside the traditional railway definitions, such as monorail or maglev, have been tried but have seen limited use.





Vernacular Architecture is a category of architecture based on local needs, construction materials and reflecting local traditions. At least originally, vernacular architecture did not use formally-schooled architects, but relied on the design skills and tradition of local builders. However, since the late 19th century many professional architects have worked in versions of the style.

Vernacular Architecture tends to evolve over time to reflect the environmental, cultural, technological, economic, and historical context in which it exists.

While often difficult to reconcile with regulatory and popular demands of the five [5] factors mentioned, this kind of architecture still plays a role in architecture and design, especially in local branches.

Vernacular Architecture can be contrasted against polite architecture which is characterized by stylistic elements of design intentionally incorporated for aesthetic purposes which go beyond a building's functional requirements. This article also covers, where somewhere between the two extremes yet based upon authentic themes the term traditional architecture.


Brief Carlsbad History


Carlsbad's history begins with the Luiseño people [the Spanish name given to them because of their proximity to Mission San Luis Rey].

Nearly every reliable fresh water creek had at least one [1] native village, including one [1] called Palamai. he site is located just south of today's Agua Hedionda Lagoon.


The first European land exploration of Alta California, the Spanish Portolà expedition of 1769, met native villagers while camped on Buena Vista Creek.

During the Mexican period, in 1842, the southern portion of Carlsbad, was granted as Rancho Agua Hedionda to Juan María Marrón.

In the 1880s a former sailor named John Frazier dug a well in the area.

He began offering his water at the train station and soon the whistle-stop became known as Frazier's Station. A test done on a second fresh-water well discovered the water to be chemically similar to that found in some of the most renowned spas in the world, and the town was named after the famed Spa in the Bohemian town of Karlsbad in Czech Republic.

To take advantage of the find, the Carlsbad Land and Mineral Water Company was formed by a German-born merchant from the Midwest named Gerhard Schutte together with Samuel Church Smith, D. D. Wadsworth and Henry Nelson.


The site of John Frazier's original well can still be found at Alt Karlsbad, a replica of a German Hanseatic house, located on Carlsbad Boulevard.

The naming of the town followed soon after, along with a major marketing campaign to attract visitors. The area experienced a period of growth, with homes and businesses sprouting up in the 1880s. Agricultural development of citrus fruits, avocados and olives soon changed the landscape.

By the end of 1887, land prices fell throughout San Diego County. However, the community survived on the back of its fertile agricultural lands.


The Important Incorporation

In 1952, Carlsbad was incorporated to avoid annexation by its neighbor, Oceanside.

The single-runway Palomar Airport opened in 1959 after County of San Diego officials decided to replace the Del Mar Airport. The airport was annexed to the City of Carlsbad in 1978 and renamed McClellan-Palomar Airport in 1982 after a local civic leader, George C. McClellan.

The first modern skateboard park, Carlsbad Skatepark, was built in March 1976. It was located on the grounds of Carlsbad Raceway and was designed and built by inventors Jack Graham and John O'Malley. The site of the original Carlsbad Skatepark and Carlsbad Raceway was demolished in 2005 and is now an Industrial Park. However, two [2] skateparks have since been developed.

In March 1999, the LEGOLAND California Resort was opened. It was the first Legoland theme park outside of Europe and is currently operated by Merlin Entertainments. Merlin Entertainments owns seventy [70%] percent of the shares, and the remaining thirty [30%] percent is owned by the LEGO group and Kirkbi A/S.

Carlsbad is home to the nation's largest desalination plant. Construction of the one billion [$1b] dollar Carlsbad Desalination Plant at the Encina Power Plant is scheduled for completion in 2016.


Carlsbad Demographics
2010 - 2011

As of the 2010 United States Census Carlsbad had a population of 105,328.

The population density was 2,693.1 per square mile [1,039.8/km²].

The racial makeup of Carlsbad was 87,205 [82.8%] White, 1,379 [1.3%] African American, 514 [0.5%] Native American, 7,460 [7.1%] Asian, 198 [0.2%] Pacific Islander, 4,189 [4.0%] from other races, and 4,383 [4.2%] from two [2] or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13,988 persons [13.3%].

The Census reported that 104,413 people [99.1% of the population] lived in households, 459 [0.4%] lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 456 [0.4%] were institutionalized.

Out of 39,964 households in 2011, there were 26,992 [67.5%] families, of which 12,345 [30.9%] had children under the age of eighteen [18] living in them, 21,705 [54.3%] were married-couple families, 1,489 [3.7%] had a male householder with no wife present, and 3,798 [9.5%] had a female householder with no husband present. There were 12,972 [32.5%] nonfamily households, of which 10,198 [25.5%] were made up of a householder living alone and 3,299 [8.3%] were a householder living alone who was sixty-five [65] years or over.

The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.10.

The population was spread out with 25,366 people [24.1%] under the age of eighteen [18], 6,718 people [6.4%] aged eighteen [18] to twenty-four [24], 28,073 people [26.7%] aged twenty-five [25] to forty-four [44], 30,373 people [28.8%] aged forty-five [45] to sixty-four [64], and 14,798 people [14.0%] who were sixty-five [65] years of age or older. The median age was 40.4 years. For every one hundred [100] females there were 95.6 males. For every one hundred [100] females age eighteen [18] years and over, there were 92.5 males.

There were 44,673 housing units at an average density of 1,142.2 per square mile [441.0/km²], of which 26,808 [64.8%] were owner-occupied, and 14,537 [35.2%] were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 69,855 people [66.3% of the population] lived in owner-occupied housing units and 34,558 people [32.8%] lived in rental housing units.

In 2011, the median household income was $85,743 and the median family income was $102,254, with 11.9% of households and 14.9% of families earning $200,000 or more. Males had a median income of $80,590 versus $54,159 for females. The per capita income for the city was $42,712. About 6.8% of families and 8.4% of the population reported income below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age eighteen [18] and 3.5% of those age sixty-five [65] or over.

Of the population twenty-five [25] years and over, 95.7% graduated from high school and 51.3% held a bachelor's degree or higher. 65.2% of the population sixteen [16] years and over was in the labor force.



TBNC Edgemon Warner Ranch Re-Establishment Program 2013 Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers Southern California USA Edgemon 274107

To Contact Architect Perry Electronically






Jess Chamberlain

September 2016

If the word “hostel” has you recalling a thrifty Euro-backpacking trip, this is a much-improved evolution,,,

A new hybrid of accommodation is introducing travelers to an unconventional sleeping arrangement: bunking in a room with strangers. Why on Earth ... ?! Those who check into poshtels [posh hostels] cite sociability and affordability in a prime location as the reasons.

At a glance, a poshtel is a regular hotel with en suite rooms, but within are spaces configured to sleep more occupants, with bunks, private lockers, and even some rooms designated “female.” Hostel guests can also dip into the hotel’s sweet extras, like the pool.

The concept seems to appeal to solo travelers and small groups, both growing segments. But shared rooms aren’t for everyone: The savings for couples may not be worth it, and light sleepers may want to steer clear.


Sarah Schmalbruch

Jul. 15, 2015, 4:05 PM

Ms. Schmalbruch writes for the Travel Vertical at Business Insider.
She graduated from Syracuse University with a degree in magazine journalism and German.

Ms. Schmalbruch is from Chicago, and currently resides in Brooklyn.



The idea of staying at a hostel brings to mind cramped wire-frame bunk beds, shared bathrooms, and a general lack of amenities.

But a new kind of hostel is on the rise and it's far from a no-frills backpacker haven.

It's called a poshtel — a combination of posh and hostel — and it's bringing together two concepts that most travelers wouldn't likely use together: luxury and hostel.

Most poshtels offer guests the option of staying in shared rooms or private rooms with ensuite bathrooms. Some even have penthouse suites.

Amenities range from free wi-fi to complimentary breakfast, as well as pools, restaurants and bars, gyms, and rooftops with a view.

The poshtel has been referred to by many as one of the defining travel trends of this year, partly because the accommodations are starting to spread from Europe to America.

Most recently, the Freehand just opened in Chicago, a sister hostel to the Freehand in Miami, which first opened in 2012.

Chicago's Freehand fits right into the young, vibrant neighborhood of River North where it's located, an area full of trendy restaurants, bars, lounges, and clubs. The interior — designed in part by Roman and Williams — is full of mahogany mixed with Native American prints and totem poles, printed wallpaper, and tiled walls which give the hostel a retro but cozy feel. The rooms are more minimalistic but still feature rich colors.

The Miami Freehand evokes a much more beachy vibe, but still feels just as welcoming. It also offers bocce ball courts, a tropical courtyard, an outdoor swimming pool, and ping pong tables. Both Freehand locations include the Broken Shaker bar — the Miami location's was a James Beard Award semi-finalist and made it onto last year's list of the World's Fifty [50] Best Bars. The Chicago location has a coffee shop too [Cafe Integral].

Shared rooms at the Freehand in Chicago start at thirty-five [$35] dollars per night; at the Miami location they start at closer to thirty [$30] dollars per night. Private rooms are a good bit more expensive. In Miami a solo room starts at around one hundred twenty-five [$125] dollars per night, in Chicago they run closer to two hundred [$200] dollars per night.

That's part of the appeal of the poshtel; it's a place where budget travelers go not only to sleep but also to experience the culture of the city they're in. Like so many travel trends right now, poshtels are meant to be as local as possible, complete with artwork from local artists, and a design aesthetic that reflects their location.

While a poshtel is comparable to a small, independently-owned hotel, what separates the two is the fact that poshtels offer shared rooms, lower prices, and more add ons — think apparel and toiletries that guests can purchase and cafes and restaurants that are part of the hostel.

The trend originally started in Europe, where stylish but affordable poshtels have been popping up for years.

Generator is one of Europe's better known poshtel brands, with hostel locations in Barcelona, Berlin, Copenhagen, Dublin, Hamburg, London, Paris, Rome, and Venice.

The brand has plans to open six [6] more locations in Europe in the next three [3] years, in other popular tourist spots such as Amsterdam.

Lonely Planet recently named Generator's Paris location one of the best poshtels in the world. No wonder, considering the hostel has a rooftop terrace overlooking Montmartre and Sacré-Coeur, an underground disco meant to look like one of the city's Metro stations, a French restaurant, and an interior decorated with pieces from local flea markets.

At first glance it's easy to think that poshtels would be geared specifically towards millennials traveling on a budget. But the numbers show otherwise. According to MediaPost, Generator reported that 15-20% of its guests are older than thirty [30], while that percentage is 35-40% for European hostel chain Christopher Inns. Half of Hosteling International USA's [a nonprofit that operates youth hostels] American members are over twenty-five [25], and 10% are over fifty-five [55] years of age..

Rates at the Generator in Paris are similar to rates at the Freehand. A shared room is close to thirty-eight [$38] dollars per night; a double room is fifty-six [$56] dollars.

And if you're wondering how poshtels manage to make any money with such low rates, it's because accommodations isn't the only item they're selling. The hostels rely not only on food and beverage sales from their bars and restaurants, but also on the sales of other merchandise, such as toiletries, apparel, and locks that guests can use to secure their belongings in shared rooms. 





Downtown Portland · Oregon · United States of America


Resurrected from the ruins of a nineteenth [19th] century lodging house for sailors,

The Society Hotel is a new hotel with a long history. Now renovated and restored, the mementos of yesteryear have influenced the birth of this establishment and still inhabit our great hotel. The Society Hotel bridges the gap between hotel and hostel, providing both private and bunk accommodations to foster an inviting, adventurous atmosphere and community.

A Place for Everyone

From the comfortable cafe in our lobby to the open-air deck on our rooftop, there’s a place for you at The Society Hotel.

Whether you just need a place to lay your head for the night, you have a group excursion to plan, or want a comfortable private suite, we offer accommodations to suit the needs of the many, instead of just the few.

Come join our society at The Society Hotel in Portland.



The Mariners Building - 1881

The Mariners Building was built in 1881 by the Portland Seamen's Friend Society, an organization dedicated to providing a better standard of living for the sailors upon whose backs so much of Portland’s industry rested.

The Mariners Building served as a safe place and boarding house for sailors, its objective to keep them away from the harmful influence of booze, drugs, and the Shanghai tunnels during their stay in Portland.

The building’s owners and purposes have changed over the years, but its cast-iron facade and recessed pilasters have remained largely the same. Only about twenty [20] such facades remain in Portland today, and the only greater concentrations of such architectural gems in the United States today is in Lower Manhattan.


The Years Between

Originally, the building was only three [3] stories tall, but In 1891, ten [10] years after its initial construction, the sturdy brick structure was elevated and a new first floor was constructed to provide four [4] full floors.

In 1938, a guest scribbled on one hotel room’s wall: “The Frisco Kid stopped here ... headed south.” The message still stands nearly eighty [80] years later, an echo of the wanderers and wayfarers who have lain their heads to rest in our hallowed halls.

Through the 1960s and 70s, the Mariners Building’s first floor found new life as a Chinese dance hall and a center of activity for Chinese citizen groups and Chinatown’s thriving community. In 1990, parts of the hotel were used for the 1990 movie “Come See the Paradise” starring Dennis Quaid and depicting a Japanese-American family torn apart by the American internment camps of WWII.

Legend holds that even gypsy royalty once inhabited our fine establishment during its dormant decades, and when the clan’s matriarch died, a parade was staged in her honor all along 3rd Avenue.


The New Purposeful Life

In 2013, Jessie Burke, Jonathan Cohen, Matt Siegel, and Gabe Genauer acquired the building and began a total renovation project to restore this once-great building to its former glory and become home to The Society Hotel.

The building’s upper floors had not been touched since 1945, and exploring them for the first time in sixty-eight [68] years later was like stepping into the past. The upper floors were practically a time capsule, providing a still life of what life was like here in the final years of WWII.

Old stoves, furniture, dishes, garments, roller skates, and WWI newspapers, all were found just as they’d been left. A jug of wine was discovered between floorboards during renovation. It had likely been stowed there for safe-keeping during Prohibition. Once uncovered, it dropped eighteen [18'] feet to a hard landing without breaking--a telling homage to the building that has endured so much history of its own.

Today, with the birth of The Society Hotel, we look to the future, where a new and vibrant history will be written in these rooms and halls. You might find yourself in those pages yet to be.


Society Cafe + Lounge

The beating heart of The Society Hotel is definitely its lobby, where reception, dining, and mingling all have a part to play.

We wanted to make our lobby more than just a place to check in, and the natural conclusion was to create a warm and inviting cafe setting where guests can meet and unwind. Thus was born Cafe Society, a lounge, cafe, and bar, featuring fresh pastries and treats from some of the best bakeries and chefs in Portland.

Enjoy a glass of wine or a cappuccino with friends beside the hearth while a crackling fire sets the tone for what is sure to be a great experience. So let’s all meet at Cafe Society!



Affordable Traveler Lodging Accommodations in Portland, Oregon


Remember the good old days, when you and your best pals would stay up all night in the bunks at camp, or in the dorm rooms at college?

Recapture that feeling and reclaim your camaraderie in one of our comfortable and inexpensive bunks in the Bunk Room at The Society Hotel. The Bunk Room features eight [8] triple-sleeper bunk beds, for a total of twenty-four [24] bunks. It's the perfect space for the adventurous traveler or backpacker looking to experience the best of Portland for the best price.

Bunk Room Amenities

When you choose our hostel-style bunk room, you'll enjoy some of the lowest rates in downtown Portland, the opportunity to make new friends or grow closer with old ones, and just the right amount of privacy.

Each bed includes fancy plusses like privacy curtains, outlets for charging all your devices, and reading lights—so you can break the rules and keep on reading well after lights out.

Perfect for Group Accommodations

Bringing a group? The Bunk Room is the perfect place to enjoy group accommodations and save on your overall trip budget. You and your friends will rekindle the bonds that tie you together while meeting fellow travelers in our comfortable and affordable hostel-style bunk room.


Private Rooms

For our guests seeking the full hotel experience while still capturing that sense of community found in old-world lodging houses, our private rooms make ideal accommodations. Private rooms feature full and queen bed options for a restful stay, includes a sink and vanity, and a shared bath one might expect to find in an European boarding house.


Private Suites

The private suite is a refuge for travelers and professionals with a little more budget and needing to spread out a little more. Our suites offer a queen or king-sized bed, with fresh linens, reclaimed historical artifacts as decorations, and private bathroom. 


More Than Just A Room for the Night

The Society Hotel is more than just a place to sleep. Our hotel offers many great amenities to make your stay more comfortable and enjoyable. With complimentary Wi-Fi throughout the hotel, you’ll be able to stay in touch with your world while exploring ours.

Our on site bar and cafe make for a cozy meeting place, where travelers from different parts of the world can gather, break bread, and make this big world seem a little smaller. All are welcome at The Society Hotel, and our staff is here to help in any way we can.


At Your Service

Part of our philosophy at The Society Hotel is to deliver a one-of-a-kind experience that caters to the needs of travelers from all over.

A few unique perks you’ll enjoy while staying with us include the Society Only Service [SOS for our nautical friends] personal text friendly concierge for all your questions and needs, one hundred percent [100%] smoke-free facilities, an on-site bar and cafe, and much more.




Visit The Society Hotel @ Off Site Web Presence @







Services & Amenities

The New Favorite Place to Stay in Downtown Santa Barbara
Complimentary Wi-Fi, Daily Breakfast, a Heated Pool, & Plenty More

Located just steps from State Street, The Wayfarer hotel offers generous hotel amenities to make your stay in Santa Barbara as comfortable as possible. Our hotel was designed with your pleasure and convenience in mind, making us the perfect home-base for your next visit to Santa Barbara, California.


Shared Dormitory Rooms

Affordable Lodging in the Heart of Downtown Santa Barbara
Discover our Clean, Comfortable, and Stylish Hostel Rooms

Whether traveling on a budget or just looking to make new friends, The Wayfarer in Santa Barbara offers hostel-style rooms, designed for both budget and comfort. Our shared hostel rooms offer all of the comforts and amenities of our private guest rooms - at a fraction of the cost.

These Santa Barbara hostel accommodations are also available to rent collectively, perfect for Bachelor or Bachelorette parties, small groups, sports teams, and more.




Male-Only Accommodations

Female-Only Accommodations

4-5 Beds in Bunk-Style Format

4-5 Beds in Bunk-Style Format

Single Bed Reservations Available

Single Bed Reservations Available

Group Bed Reservations Available

Group Bed Reservations Available

Individual Secure-Lock Lockers for Personal Stores

Individual Secure-Lock Lockers for Personal Stores

Semi-Private Bathroom Facilities

Semi-Private Bathroom Facilities

> 42" HDTV

> 42" HDTV

Smaller Corporate-Class Efficiency Desk

Smaller Corporate-Class Efficiency Desk

Complimentary Wi-Fi

Complimentary Wi-Fi

Continental Breakfast Included

Continental Breakfast Included



Poshtel / Hostel Etymology


The words "hotel", "hostel", and "hostal" are etymologically related, coming into the English language from Old French hostel, itself from Late Latin hospitale, denoting a "hospice" or place of rest.

Nowadays, however, they each refer to distinct types of accommodation. In particular, hostal is used in Spanish either with the same sense as "hostel", or it can also refer to a certain type of pension which is found mostly in Spain.



Hostels provide budget-oriented, sociable accommodation where guests can rent a bed, usually a bunk bed, in a dormitory and share a bathroom, lounge and sometimes a kitchen. Rooms can be mixed or single-sex, although private rooms may also be available.

Hostels are often cheaper for both the operator and occupants; many hostels have long-term residents whom they employ as desk agents or housekeeping staff in exchange for experience or discounted accommodation.

In a few countries, such as the United Kingdom [UK], Ireland, India and Australia, the word hostel sometimes also refers to establishments providing longer-term accommodation. In India, Pakistan and South Africa, hostel also refers to boarding schools or student dormitories in resident colleges and universities.

In other parts of the world, the word hostel mainly refers to properties offering shared accommodation to travellers or backpackers.

Within the "traveller" category, another distinction can be drawn between hostels that are members of Hostelling International (HI), a UK-based, non-profit organisation encouraging outdoor activities and cultural exchange for the young [formerly the IYHA], and independently operated hostels. Hostels for travellers are sometimes called backpackers' hostels, particularly in Australia and New Zealand [often abbreviated to just "backpackers"].


Prototypical Communal Accommodation

There is less privacy in a hostel than in a hotel. Sharing sleeping accommodation in a dormitory is very different from staying in a private room in a hotel or bed and breakfast, and might not be comfortable for those requiring more privacy.

Hostels encourage more social interaction between guests due to the shared sleeping areas and communal areas such as lounges, kitchens and internet cafes.

Care should be taken with personal belongings, as guests may share a common living space, so it is advisable to secure guests' belongings. Most hostels offer some sort of system for safely storing valuables, and an increasing number of hostels offer private lockers; there are other things to consider as well when choosing a safe hostel, such as whether they have a guest curfew, uphold fire codes, 24-hour security, and CCTV.

Noise can make sleeping difficult on occasions, whether from snoring, talking, sexual activity, someone either returning late or leaving early, or the proximity of so many people. To mitigate this, some wear earplugs and/or sleeping masks.


Boutique Hostels + Poshtels

The general backpacking community is no longer exclusively typified by student travellers and extreme shoe string budgets.

In response to demand, as well as increasing competition between the rapidly growing number of hostels, the overall quality of hostels has improved across the industry. In addition to the increase in quality among all styles of hostel, new styles of hostels have developed that have a focus on a more trendy, design interior.

The phrase "boutique hostel" an often-arbitrary marketing term typically used to describe intimate, luxurious or quirky hostel environments. The term has started to lose meaning because the facilities of many "boutique hostels" are often no different from hostels that are not referred to with that label. Also, marketers and online booking websites sometimes include boutique hotels in lists of "boutique hostels," further diluting any specific meaning of the phrase.

A related term, "flashpackers", often refers to hostels that target themselves as catering to a slightly older, tech-savvy clientele, but in practice, many of the new class of higher-quality hostels across the industry offer these tech-oriented facilities, and even the flashpacker websites that appeared in 2006–08 during the peak of the "flashpacker" hype are neglected or offline as of 2012 as the term has rapidly lost popularity.





Santa Barbara [Spanish for "Saint Barbara"] is the County Seat of Santa Barbara County in the U.S. State of California.

Situated on a south-facing section of coastline, the longest such section on the West Coast of the United States, the city lies between the steeply rising Santa Ynez Mountains and the Pacific Ocean.

Santa Barbara's climate is often described as Mediterranean, and the city has been promoted as the "American Riviera".

As of 2014, the city had an estimated population of 91,196, up from 88,410 in 2010, making it the second most populous city in the county after Santa Maria while the contiguous urban area, which includes the cities of Goleta and Carpinteria, along with the unincorporated regions of Isla Vista, Montecito, Mission Canyon, Hope Ranch, Summerland, and others, has an approximate population of 220,000. The population of the entire county in 2010 was 423,895.

In addition to being a popular tourist and resort destination, the city economy includes a large service sector, education, technology, health care, finance, agriculture, manufacturing, and local government.

In 2004, the service sector accounted for fully thirty-five [35%] percent of local employment.

Education in particular is well represented, with five [5] institutions of higher learning on the south coast, including The University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara City College, Westmont College, Antioch University, and the Brooks Institute of Photography.

The Santa Barbara Airport serves the city, as does Amtrak. U.S. Highway 101 connects the Santa Barbara area with Los Angeles to the southeast and San Francisco to the northwest.

Behind the city, in and beyond the Santa Ynez Mountains, is the Los Padres National Forest, which contains several remote wilderness areas. Channel Islands National Park and Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary are located approximately twenty [20] miles (32 km) offshore.


805.845.1000 CONTACT

Visit The WAYFARER / Santa Barbara Web Presence Off Line @








We the People of Hostel Fish believe that a hostel of backpackers, by backpackers, and for backpackers, shall be a fun, safe, spotless, high-end joint that is Classy as F…(ish!).

We are focused on the traveler and the traveler's needs and believe something being affordable should still offer exemplary service and more than expected perks.

We believe that shared rooms and neo-urbanism, when combined, create an epicenter for those "seekers of life's adventures" to meet each other and foster new friendships. We're stoked to host you. We're jazzed to have you as our guest. We're here for you and always want to hear your thoughts or suggestions on how we can improve your experience.





Our shared bunk rooms range from smaller rooms holding four [4] people up to our largest room that holds ten [10].

Each room is uniquely designed with different themes so you can pick the room that you love the most.



If you're looking for a little more privacy but love the hostel experience, our Private Rooms are the perfect option. Both the king and queen private rooms are located on the top floor and come with a full bathroom and views of the city.


The Basic Amenities

24-Hour Front Desk & Security

Local Events & Activities Concierge

Communal Tours & Pub Crawls

Guest Lounge, Bar & Kitchen

Optional Private Rooms

Complimentary Wi-Fi In Rooms & Public Areas

Free iPad Use & Internet Access

Charging Stations at Every Bed

Daily Housekeeping


Sleeping with the Fishes Has Never Been This Luxurious Hostel Fish Opens in Denver


Room Rates at this Upscale Hostel Start at Forty-Five [$45] Dollars Per Night

A night in Denver just got a lot less expensive for budget travelers, now that the upscale, sixty-six [66] bed Hostel Fish has opened downtown. Owner, Chad Fish, said a hostel concept was needed in Colorado because the average cost of a hotel room in the city is too expensive for travelers on a tight budget.

Rates for a shared room start at just forty-five [$45] dollars a night and cap at two hundred [$200] dollars a night for a private room.

“An average room night in Denver costs two hundred [$200] dollars, which is tough for a lot of people to afford. We want Hostel Fish to be a place that doesn’t cost a fortune, allowing people across the world to visit Colorado, without sacrificing a clean and safe place.”

Set up in the one hundred twenty [120] year-old Airedale Building, a former hotel and saloon that later became a brothel, porn shop, adult bookstore and peep show, Hostel Fish is walking distance to major Denver attractions including LoDo bars, the newly renovated Union Station, the 16th Street Mall, and Coors Field.

The Victorian Building also houses Ophelia’s Electric Soapbox, a restaurant and live music venue, run by Justin Cucci of Root Down & Linger fame. It’s also next door to a Greyhound bus station, making this easy access for backpackers just arriving to the Mile High City.

Inside, guests will find eleven [11] rooms, each of which feature in-room lockers and device charging stations. Every space is individually decorated with themes ranging from motorcycles to urban, and even a Parisian theme in the all-women’s dorm room.

Fish collaborated with several local artists and design firms, along with family members, to decorate the rooms. Inside the accommodations, find unique designs including everything from a massive mural of a 1920’s flapper girl [painted by the tattoo artist for rapper Wiz Khalifa] to a wall decorated with vintage suitcases Fish collected from estate sales and secondhand spots.

Fish says the biggest compliment received – aside from the décor – is on the comfort of the mattresses.

 “It’s like sleeping on a cloud. Every bed in the hostel has a twelve [12"] inch pillow top that is more comfortable than my bed at home.”

Lodgers will find a giant skylight on the second floor of the building, inviting in natural light for a refreshing feel to the space. Community areas, including a reading room, patio and social area with a piano and record player, are open for travelers.

Guests can also delight in 24-hour front desk service and security, free iPad use, Wi-Fi, complimentary continental breakfast and daily housekeeping. There's even an onsite bar coming soon, made using reclaimed wood from the plaster inside the walls of the building.  We can't get over these details! It will feature local beer, international wines and budget-friendly cocktails.

I am most proud when people say this is the best hostel they have stayed in,” says Fish.  “It's so amazing to have thought about and dreamed about something for so many years and now to actually see the tangible result filling up with people from all over the world. I'm already planning the next one."



1217 20th Street · Denver · Colorado 80202

Visit HOSTEL FISH @ Off Site Web Presence









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The hospitality industry consists of broad category of fields within the service industry that includes lodging, restaurants, event planning, theme parks, transportation, cruise line, and additional fields within the tourism industry. The hospitality industry is a several billion dollar industry that mostly depends on the availability of leisure time and disposable income. A hospitality unit such as a restaurant, hotel, or even an amusement park consists of multiple groups such as facility maintenance, direct operations [servers, housekeepers, porters, kitchen workers, bartenders, etc.], management, marketing, and human resources.

The hospitality industry covers a wide range of organizations offering food service and accommodation. The industry is divided into sectors according to the skill-sets required for the work involved. Sectors include accommodation, food and beverage, meeting and events, gaming, entertainment and recreation, tourism services, and visitor information.



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The ultimate desert playground for outdoor adventure, arts and culture, gaming and entertainment. Whether you are planning a family vacation, couple who wants a romantic retreat, or want a girlfriend’s getaway…Palm Springs Region is “Fun in the Sun” year-round.

Nestled at the base of the majestic San Jacinto Mountains, the Palm Springs Region is the ancestral home of the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians. The village atmosphere has been preserved and embellished over the years. The streets, lined with palm trees, invite you to explore boutique shops, art galleries and museums while soaking up the sunshine or dining outdoors among stunning desert scenery.

The Palm Springs Region has since been sprinkled with Hollywood stardust, where the holiday homes of stars such as Frank Sinatra, Bob Hope and Lucille Ball paved the way for the visionary efforts of former Mayor Sonny Bono to occur; namely, the Palm Springs International Film Festival. If that isn’t enough, the Palm Springs Region is becoming the center of “Desert Modernism," with stellar examples of mid-century modern architecture tucked throughout the community and available to enjoy.

The Palm Springs Region offers a wealth of activities and events throughout the year. Soar to the top of Mount San Jacinto on the world famous Palm Springs Aerial Tramway, play a round of golf at Tahquitz Creek Golf Resort, or hike the ancient palm groves of the Indian Canyons. Tour celebrity and mid-century homes, attend fabulous theatre performances, or wind down with a poolside massage. In the evening, stroll the year round Villagefest, then relax with a swim under the stars.

Escape to the Palm Springs Region…experience the perfect blend of outdoor entertainment and casual relaxation.



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The town's name derives from "Cathedral Canyon" to the south of the town, so named in 1850 by Colonel Henry Washington because its rock formations were reminiscent of a cathedral.

The city itself started as a housing subdivision in 1925, but was not incorporated until 1981. The city grew four [4] - five [5] times in size in less than two [2]  decades.




Cathedral City is a city in Riverside County, California, United States. The population was 51,200 at the 2010 census. Sandwiched between Palm Springs and Rancho Mirage, it is one of the cities in the Coachella Valley [Palm Springs area] of southern California. Cathedral City is the second largest in population in the Coachella Valley, second only to Indio.

Locals gave it the nickname "Cat City", short for Cathedral. Others like historians claim that came from the reputation as a slinger gaming gulch in the late 19th century, and a safe haven for bars or saloons during prohibition of the 1920s.




Coachella Valley is a large valley landform in Southern California. The valley extends for approximately forty-five [45] miles (72 km) in Riverside County southeast from the San Bernardino Mountains to the saltwater Salton Sea, the largest lake in California. It is approximately fifteen [15] miles (24 km) wide along most of its length, bounded on the west by the San Jacinto Mountains and the Santa Rosa Mountains and on the north and east by the Little San Bernardino Mountains.

The San Andreas Fault crosses the valley from the Chocolate Mountains in the southeast corner and along the centerline of the Little San Bernardinos. The fault is easily visible along its northern length as a strip of greenery against an otherwise bare mountain.

The Chocolate Mountains are home to a United States Navy live gunnery range and are mostly off-limits to the public. In comparison to the "Inland Empire" [Riverside-San Bernardino area and the California desert], some people refer to the IE 's sub-region Coachella Valley as the "Desert Empire" to differentiate it from the neighboring Imperial Valley. Geographers and geologists sometimes call the area, along with the Imperial Valley to the south, the "Cahuilla Basin" or the "Salton Trough".

Geographically, it is the agricultural and recreational desert valley in Southern California, United States [U.S], east of Riverside and San Bernardino. Populated by nearly 600,000 people, the valley is part of the fourteenth [14th] largest metropolitan area in the United States, the Inland Empire.

The famous desert resort cities of Palm Springs and Palm Desert lie in the Coachella Valley. The Coachella Valley is the second largest sub-region in the Inland Empire metropolitan area, after the Greater San Bernardino Area.




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A resort is a place used for relaxation or recreation, attracting visitors for holidays or vacations. Resorts are places, towns or sometimes commercial establishment operated by a single company.

Towns which are resorts — or where tourism or vacationing is a major part of the local activity — are sometimes called resort towns. If they are by the sea they are called seaside resorts. Inland resorts include ski resorts, mountain resorts and spa towns.

The term "resort" is now also used for a self-contained commercial establishment which attempts to provide for most of a vacationer's wants while remaining on the premises, such as food, drink, lodging, sports, entertainment, and shopping. The term may be used to identify a hotel property that provides an array of amenities and typically includes entertainment and recreational activities. A hotel is frequently a central feature of a resort, such as the Grand Hotel at Mackinac Island, Michigan. A resort is not merely a commercial establishment operated by a single company, although in the late twentieth century this sort of facility became more common.

The Walt Disney World Resort is a prominent example of a modern, self-contained commercial resort. Self-contained resorts are common in the United States, but exist throughout the world. Resorts are especially prevalent in Central America and the Caribbean. Closely related to resorts are convention and large meeting sites. Generally these occur in cities where special meeting halls, together with ample accommodations as well as varied dining and entertainment are provided.



A restaurant; French:  is an establishment which prepares and serves food and drink to customers in return for money, either paid before the meal, after the meal, or with a running tab. Meals are generally served and eaten on premises, but many restaurants also offer take-out and food delivery services. Restaurants vary greatly in appearance and offerings, including a wide variety of the main chef's cuisines and service models.

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While Inns and Taverns were known from antiquity, these were establishments aimed at travelers, and in general locals would rarely eat there. Modern restaurants are dedicated to the serving of food, where specific dishes are ordered by guests and are prepared to their request. The modern restaurant originated in 18th century France, although precursors can be traced back to Roman times


A restaurant owner is called a restaurateur; both words derive from the French verb restaurer, meaning "to restore". Professional artisans of cooking are called chefs, while preparation staff and line cooks prepare food items in a more systematic and less artistic fashion.



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In Ancient Rome, thermopolia [singular thermopolium] were small restaurant-bars which offered food and drinks to the customer. A typical thermopolium had L-shaped counters into which large storage vessels were sunk, which would contain either hot or cold food. They are linked to the absence of kitchens in many dwellings and the ease with which people could purchase prepared foods. Besides, eating out was also considered an important aspect of socialising.

In Pompeii, 158 thermopolia with a service counter have been identified across the whole town area. They were concentrated along the main axes of the town and the public spaces where they were frequented by the locals.


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Food catering establishments which may be described as restaurants were known since the 11th century in Kaifeng, China's northern capital during the first half of the Song Dynasty [960–1279]. With a population of over 1,000,000 people, a culture of hospitality and a paper currency, Kaifeng was ripe for the development of restaurants. Probably growing out of the tea houses and taverns that catered to travellers, Kaifeng's restaurants blossomed into an industry catering to locals as well as people from other regions of China.

Stephen H. West argues that there is a direct correlation between the growth of the restaurant businesses and institutions of theatrical stage drama, gambling and prostitution which served the burgeoning merchant middle class during the Song Dynasty.


Restaurants catered to different styles of cuisine, price brackets, and religious requirements. Even within a single restaurant much choice was available, and people ordered the entree they wanted from written menus. An account from 1275 writes of Hangzhou, the capital city for the last half of the dynasty:


"The people of Hangzhou are very difficult to please. Hundreds of orders are given on all sides: this person wants something hot, another something cold, a third something tepid, a fourth something chilled; one wants cooked food, another raw, another chooses roast, another grill".

The restaurants in Hangzhou also catered to many northern Chinese who had fled south from Kaifeng during the Jurchen invasion of the 1120s, while it is also known that many restaurants were run by families formerly from Kaifeng.


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Restaurants range from unpretentious lunching or dining places catering to people working nearby, with simple food served in simple settings at low prices, to expensive establishments serving refined food and wines in a formal setting. In the former case, customers usually wear casual clothing. In the latter case, depending on culture and local traditions, customers might wear semi-casual, semi-formal, or formal wear.

Typically, customers sit at tables, their orders are taken by a waiter, who brings the food when it is ready, and the customers pay the bill before leaving. In finer restaurants there will be a host or hostess or even a maître d'hôtel to welcome customers and to seat them. Other staff waiting on customers include busboys and sommeliers.

Restaurants often specialize in certain types of food or present a certain unifying, and often entertaining, theme. For example, there are seafood restaurants, vegetarian restaurants or ethnic restaurants. Generally speaking, restaurants selling food characteristic of the local culture are simply called restaurants, while restaurants selling food of foreign cultural origin are called ethnic restaurants.

For some time the travelling public has been catered for with ship's messes and railway restaurant cars which are, in effect, travelling restaurants. Many railways, the world over, also cater for the needs of travellers by providing Railway Refreshment Rooms [a form of restaurant] at railway stations. In recent times there has been a trend to create a number of travelling restaurants, specifically designed for tourists. These can be found on such diverse places as trams, boats, buses, etc.




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Restaurant guides review restaurants, often ranking them or providing information for consumer decisions [type of food, handicap accessibility, facilities, etc.]. One of the most famous contemporary guides, in Western Europe, is the Michelin series of guides which accord from one [1] to three [3] stars to restaurants they perceive to be of high culinary merit. Restaurants with stars in the Michelin guide are formal, expensive establishments; in general the more stars awarded, the higher the prices.

The main competitor to the Michelin guide in Europe is the guidebook series published by Gault Millau. Unlike the Michelin guide which takes the restaurant décor and service into consideration with its rating, Gault Millau only judges the quality of the food. Its ratings are on a scale of one [1] to twenty [20], with twenty being the highest.

In the United States, the Forbes Travel Guide [previously the Mobil travel guides] and the AAA rate restaurants on a similar one [1] to five [5] star [Forbes] or diamond [AAA] scale. Three [3], four [4], and five [5] star/diamond ratings are roughly equivalent to the Michelin one [1], two [2], and three [3] star ratings while one [1] and two [2] star ratings typically indicate more casual places to eat. In 2005, Michelin released a New York City guide, its first for the United States. The popular Zagat Survey compiles individuals' comments about restaurants but does not pass an "official" critical assessment. In the United States Gault Millau is published as the Gayot guide, after founder Andre Gayot. Its restaurant ratings use the same twenty [20] point system, and are all published online.

The Good Food Guide, published by the Fairfax Newspaper Group in Australia, is the Australian guide listing the best places to eat. Chefs Hats are awarded for outstanding restaurants and range from one [1] hat through three [3] hats. The Good Food Guide also incorporates guides to bars, cafes and providers. The Good Restaurant Guide is another Australian restaurant guide that has reviews on the restaurants as experienced by the public and provides information on locations and contact details. Any member of the public can submit a review.

Nearly all major American newspapers employ food critics and publish online dining guides for the cities they serve. A few papers maintain a reputation for thorough and thoughtful review of restaurants to the standard of the good published guides, but others provide more of a listings service.

More recently Internet sites have started up that publish both food critic reviews and popular reviews by the general public such as and Their major competition comes from bloggers, particularly publishers of food blogs, also called foodies. These writers and publishers represent the common dining aficionado rather than the gourmet, and thus do not provide "official" reviews, but nonetheless are capable of garnering large, loyal followings.



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Al Fresco Dining Experience


Al Fresco dining is eating outside [from the Italian words "al fresco" = outside, at a fresh temperature].

In temperate climates it is especially popular in the summer months when temperatures and weather are most favorable.

It is a style of dining that is casual and often party-like in its atmosphere In order to promote and accommodate the pedestrian activity and vibrancy associated with Al Fresco dining, communities have passed ordinances permitting it, including the service of food and beverages to customers at sidewalk tables until late at night.




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Kitchen Management' includes the managing staff working in the kitchen, especially the head chef. The kitchen is the most important part of the business and the main reason customers patronize the restaurant.

Managing the kitchen staff helps to control food quality. As most commercial kitchens are a closed environment, the staff may become bored or tired from the work. Without proper management, this often results in an inconsistent food product.

Kitchen Management involves most importantly, cost control and budgeting. Meeting KPI's are a must for a restaurant to survive. Head chefs must instill and teach money management to apprentices. This is as important as teaching the art and skills of cookery.



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Culinary art is the art of preparing and cooking foods. The word "culinary" is defined as something related to, or connected with, cooking. A culinarian is a person working in the culinary arts. A culinarian working in restaurants is commonly known as a cook or a chef.

Culinary artists are responsible for skillfully preparing meals that are as pleasing to the palate as to the eye. They are required to have a knowledge of the science of food and an understanding of diet and nutrition. They work primarily in restaurants, delicatessens, hospitals and other institutions.

Kitchen conditions vary depending on the type of business, restaurant, nursing home, etc.



The occupation outlook for chefs, restaurant managers, dietitians, and nutritionists is fairly good, with "as fast as the average" growth.

Increasingly a college education with formal qualifications is required for success in this field. The culinary industry continues to be male-dominated, with the latest statistics showing only 19% of all 'chefs and head cooks' being female.






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Visit la Spiga Web Presence Off Site

72-557 Hiway 111   ·   Palm Desert   ·  California   92260



La Spiga is a magnificent Tuscan-style villa surrounded by rose gardens, herb beds and fruit trees. Three gazebo's provide additional dining, and the patio wraps around the entire building offering a spectacular view of the mountains.

In this exquisite setting, owners Vince and Connie Cultraro provide splendid cuisine to the best clientele in the whole valley.

Vince is a multiple award winning Chaine des Rotisseur chef who has cooked for prime ministers and other heads of state, ambassadors, movie and sports stars, and international business leaders. As hostess, Connie ensures each and every guest receives impeccable service.

La Spiga specializes in food that is of the highest quality, pure in its form and cooked to order. Chef Vince Cultraro's life in the kitchen began at 12 years old in the seaside resort of Marzamemi, Sicily, where he apprenticed under a under a Florentine chef at a small luxury hotel called La Marinella. Later, he moved on to Torino for his full apprenticeship.

At La Spiga, you won’t find any pre-prepared foods in our kitchen; everything is done the old fashioned way. Our full-flavored sauces are naturally reduced. Our meats are natural too, with no hormones or antibiotics. We grind our own meats, make our own sausages, flavor our own oils, fillet our own fish which we fly in daily, and offer our customers the top in freshness and quality. We choose our purveyors based on top quality ingredients of the highest standard. We use only naturally filtered water in the entire building. We use only sea salt and whenever possible organic products, we do not buy meats or fish that have been injected with water and sodium. Only line caught wild fish, and organic eggs from free range chickens.




With more than 15,000 feet of gardens including a large rose garden, vegetable and herb beds, and a wide variety of trees including peach, plum, persimmon, pomegranate, olive, orange, lemon, lime and fig.

The gardens also feature two gazebos which are available for private parties, an outdoor wood burning pizza oven, and a putting green, all joined together by stone paths.

The three gazebos in the garden are available for special events. The largest gazebo features a fireplace and can accommodate up to twenty five [25] people, while the second gazebo up to sixteen [16] and the smallest up to eight [8].

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Lunch is available upon request for parties of forty [40] or more.

Reservations are a must. During peak season [November to May] the waiting period for a reservation is one [1] to two [2] weeks. Waiting lists are available every evening, in case of cancellations. Many of our customers have a standing reservation for the entire season. For more information on standing reservations please contact us at:








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Cross-Sectional Analysis] [CSA] form a class of architectural research methods that involve observation of all of a subject site, or a representative subset, at one specific point in site development time. CSA differ from case-control studies in that they aim to provide data on the entire site under study, whereas site-control studies typically include only specific elements with a specific characteristic, with a sample, often a portion, of the rest of the subject site.

Cross-Sectional Analysis are descriptive studies [neither observational nor experimental]. Unlike case-control studies, they can be used to describe, not only the building ratio, but also absolute qualitative ratios and specific prevalences. CSA may be also utilized to describe some feature of a project site, such as architectural and land mass prevalence, or they may support inferences of specific and/or unique elements.


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The Revitalization & Site Enhancement of the Hot Springs Ranch at Warner Springs
Warner Springs   ·    California    ·    USA





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Warner's Ranch near Warner Springs, California, was notable as a way station for large numbers of emigrants on the Southern Trail from 1849 to 1861, as it was a stop on both the Gila River Trail and the Butterfield Overland Mail stagecoach line [1859-1861]. It also was operated as a pioneering cattle ranch.

The property, with two [2] adobe buildings from 1849 and 1857, was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961. There is evidence that travelers stayed at the original 1849 ranch house. Now operated as a hot springs resort, the ranch is located four [4] miles [6.4 km] south of Warner Springs.


Oak Grove Butterfield Stage Station, about twenty [20] miles [32 km] to the northwest, is the only surviving station building from the stage line. It is also a National Historic Landmark.


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Until Recently

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Resort Property Operational Organization
a Ranchowners Association


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This area had long been inhabited by the Cupeño American Indians, who first encountered Europeans when Spanish missionaries arrived in the area.

The Cupeño were forced into the colonial mission system and over time lost control of their land, although under Mexican law they were supposed to receive rights to land which they tilled and settled. They continued to live and work in the area, however.

In 1830 an American-born citizen called John Trumbull Warner left Connecticut and headed to California, passing through this valley. He worked as a fur trader and merchant in Los Angeles. By 1844, he had become a naturalized Mexican citizen and changed his name to Juan Jose Warner. He received the Rancho San Jose del Valle Mexican land grant Warner also established a successful cattle ranch.

On December 2, 1846, Stephen Watts Kearney, with a small command, reached the ranch on what proved to be his way to the Battle of San Pasqual.

More importantly, from 1849-1861, Warner operated part of the ranch to serve travelers on the Gila River Emigrant Trail [part of the Southern Trail]. He opened the only trading post between New Mexico and Los Angeles on a wagon road developed after the Mexican–American War. thousands of emigrants began flowing to California. This trail later was used by the Butterfield Overland Mail stagecoach line, from 1857-1861.

When California became part of the United States, new obligations for taxes were applied to the Cupeño. Many of them worked on the Warner ranch, which had a negative reputation for severe treatment of Indians.

In 1851, at the beginning of the Garra Revolt, an uprising by the local Cupeño tribe under Antonio Garra, Warner was attacked at his ranch. He sent his family to Los Angeles. Some of the ranch buildings were burned, but Warner continued to operate it, until his grant was challenged by a former claimant.






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Warner's Ranch was a stop on the San Antonio-San Diego Mail Line in 1857 and the Butterfield Overland Mail stagecoach line between 1858 and 1860. It was linked to San Diego by the San Diego - Fort Yuma mail route via the road through Santa Isabel to San Diego.

Travelers rested here along their journey, after the trip through the desert.


During the American Civil War, Union troops established Camp Wright on the grounds of Warner's Ranch on October 18, 1861. The installation was designed to protect California from attack along the route of the emigrant travel route between Arizona and California. Due to difficulties caused by frequent high winds on the exposed position, the location of the camp was moved by Major Edwin A. Rigg, 1st California Infantry on November 23, 1861, to Oak Grove Butterfield Stage Station some twenty [20] miles [32 km] to the north, also in San Diego County.

The ranch passed through several hands, until in 1880, John G. Downey, former governor of California, became sole owner of Warner's Ranch. He started legal efforts in 1892 to evict the Cupeño. They challenged his actions under provisions of Mexican and United States law, but lost their case in the U.S. Supreme Court in 1901. The court ruled they were correct in their assessment of rights to the land, but had waited too long to press their claim. The case was followed closely by many citizens who had sympathy for the Cupeño. They tried to purchase their own land but were unable to raise sufficient funds. The local tribe was relocated to Pala Indian Reservation on May 12, 1903.

The first advertising for the hot springs was in 1894. Gradually a resort was developed, called Warner Hot Springs, which became popular in the 1950s.

The remaining area of the ranch was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1961. The property of two hundred twenty-one [221] acres [0.89 km2] holds the remnants of the 1849 adobe ranch house and 1857 barn, both constructed during Warner's tenure. They have been stabilized.




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Existing Conditions Image Recording




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La Tienda

Representational Theme Component

Butterfield Cantina


Representational Recordings  ·  TBNC  Field Reconnaissance

TBNC Edgemon warner Springs Ranch California Rehabilitation Program 2013 Site Remediation Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers Edgemon CA.CSLB 274107 USA
TBNC Edgemon warner Spring California Ranch Improvements & Remediations Program 2012 Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construyction Managers California USa Edgemon CSLB 274107
TBNC Edgemon Warner Springs California Ranch Rehabilitation Program 2013  Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers Edgemon CSLB 274107 California USA Edgemon








TBNC Edgemon Warners Ranch California WSR.Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers Warners Revitialization Program 2013


Thirty-Seven [37] Hotel Units Conversion  to Seventy-Four [74] Residential Occupancies

TBNC Edgemon Warner Ranch Hot Springs Spa Resort Southern California USA Edgemon Revitalization Program 2013 Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction managers California 274107 USA
TBNC Edgemon Warner ranch & Hot Springs Spa Resort California Rehabilitation & Site Improvements California Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Mangers California USA 274107
TBNC Edgemon Warner Ranch & Hot Springs Spa Resort California Edgemon Rehabilitation Program 2013 Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers California 274107 USA Edgemon

TBNC FIELD RECONN WSR. 37-74.C  012.D80.014

TBNC FIELD RECONN WSR. 37-74.C  012.D80.005

TBNC FIELD RECONN WSR. 37-74.C  012.D80.037

TBNC Edgemon Warner Hot Springs Resort, Spa, Wellness Centre, Equistrian park, Aerodrome & More, a Restortaion program 2013 Edgemon California 274107 Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers, Construction Managers & More, Edgemon USA 274107 California
TBNC Edgemon warner Spring Hot Spings Spa Resort, Health & Wellness Centre, Equistrian Park & Aerodrome Reinvigeration Program 2013 Edgemon California 274107 Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers, Construction managers & So Much More Edgemon California USA
TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts Warner Hot Springs California Spa, Resort, Health & Wellness Centre, Equistrian Parklnad, Aerodrome and Mini-Mart Edgemon CSLB 274107 Enviroonmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers, Construction Mangers & So Much More california USA

TBNC FIELD RECONN WSR. 37-74.C  012.D80.044

TBNC FIELD RECONN WSR. 37-74.C  012.D80.026

TBNC FIELD RECONN WSR. 37-74.C  012.D80.043




TBNC Edgemon warner Hot Springs Resort & Ranch Spa Program 2013 edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers CA.CSLB 274107 Edgemon USA

Representational Ranch View to Regional Site Perimeter


TBNC Edgemon Warner Ranch Re-Establishment Program 2013 Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers Southern California USA Edgemon 274107To Contact Architect Perry Electronically

TBNC Edgemon warner Hot Springs Spa & Classic Resort, Health & Wellness Centre, Equistrian Complex with Aerodrome & Gliderport, & More Edgemon CSLB 274107 California Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction mangers, too, Edgemon California USA



Existing Fuel Station Decommission / Architecturally Enhanced Replacement


TBNC Edgemon warner Springs Ranch California, Site Remediation program 2013 WSR.Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers Califonia CSLB 274107 Edgemon USA

Removal and Certified Disposal, and the Subsequent Remediation of the Environmental Liability Associated with the Underground Storage Tanks

Removal and Certified Disposal and / or Approved Reclamation of the Pumps and Distribution Lines

Removal and Certified Reclamation of the Steel Lines, Equipment Hardware and Peripheral Systems

Excavation and Certified Disposal of the Environmentally Impacted Soils and Sampling Discoveries of the Conjoined Fuel Station Environment 


Representational Service Station Demolition

A highly professional demolition / deconstruction team is fully equipped to demolish buildings and superstructures with the minimum disruption and maximum efficiency.  Removal of debris and materials will be in keeping with sound recycling and environmental policies.  A professional demolition / deconstruction team should remain sensitive to the needs of the general public and local community, keeping noise and vibration to a minimum and also wash vehicles of mud and dampen down if dusty conditions occur.  This minimizes the local and environmental impact of the demolishing / deconstruction / decommissioning process.


Representational Service Station Decommissioning

An experienced professional demolition / deconstruction team shall carry out all the necessary civil and structural engineering work demanded to decommission a service station.  This may include removal or solid filling of the diesel, petrol or oil tanks as requested by the client.  Stringent environmental recordings and validations are required to effect the decommissioning of superstructures and tanks, supportive of the redevelopment process.


Representational Fuel Tank Cleaning

An experienced professional demolition / deconstruction team has the expertise and experience to understand the individual requirements of its clients. The cleaning of fuel tanks used for storage of petrol, diesel and oil is specialised and should only be carried out by professionals.  Before any projects are undertaken, an experienced professional demolition / deconstruction team will scope the work required and plan accordingly, keeping to stringent Federal, State and Local Regulations for Health & Safety and Environmental Obligations. 

All tanks are to be inspected and recorded for structural integrity before cleaning commences; the cleaning process includes removal of any contents, use of either foam or water to remove residual chemicals which are then removed and disposed of in accordance with current regulations.  A final inspection and test is carried out prior to a gas certificate being issued, the tank is then rendered redundant by filling with foam or more cost effectively with approved fluids.


Removal & Disposal Redundant Fuel Tanks

Industry policies are that redundant fuel tanks must be disposed of rather than re-used, for this reason an experienced professional demolition / deconstruction team is perfectly positioned to remove and dispose of redundant tanks with expertise and a wealth of experience.  Using hot and cold cutting techniques no tank is too large for remediation management.

With Health & Safety a priority and environmental issues taken into account an experienced professional demolition / deconstruction team shall complete the removal and disposal of oil, petrol, diesel and other types of redundant storage tanks with efficiency and minimal impact to surroundings.


Excavation of Fuel Tanks

An experienced professional demolition / deconstruction team is fully equipped to excavate and remove all types of tank storage and associated pipes and structures.  Enabling an environmentally friendly process, consulting with civil engineers in accordance with CDM regulations and clients requirements.  Fuel tank excavation and removal can be done using hot and cold cutting [using hydraulic shears; this can be an advantage for Health & Safety considerations and environmental options, not to mention cost saving controls and efficiency.


Representational Fuel Site Decontamination

It is a legal requirement for the land to be tested for contaminates before and after the decommissioning of the service station has been carried out.  Theses results will determine the subsequent needs for excavation of the land.  Any contaminated materials will be disposed of in an approved and certified landfill site.

Underground barriers may be positioned to prevent any further contamination to adjoining land or property. An experienced professional demolition / deconstruction team feature specialist and environmental consultants to provide the necessary expertise to carry out all required testing and provision of relevant test results and paperwork



TBNC Edgemon Warner Ranch California Rehabilitation Program 2012 Tom Edgemon Images Edgemon CA.CSLB 274107 Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers California USA

Exit View Image of the Warner Hot Springs Resort Compound Main Gate







Concrete is a composite construction material composed primarily of aggregate, cement and water.

There are many formulations that have varied properties. The aggregate is generally a coarse gravel or crushed rocks such as limestone, or granite, along with a fine aggregate such as sand. The cement, commonly Portland cement, and other cementitious materials such as fly ash and slag cement, serve as a binder for the aggregate.

Various chemical admixtures are also added to achieve varied properties.

Water is then mixed with this dry composite which enables it to be shaped [typically poured / placed] and then solidified and hardened into rock-hard strength through a chemical process known as hydration. The water reacts with the cement which bonds the other components together, eventually creating a robust stone-like material.

Concrete has relatively high compressive strength, but much lower tensile strength. For this reason is usually reinforced with materials that are strong in tension (often steel). Concrete can be damaged by many processes, such as the freezing of trapped water.

Concrete is widely used for making architectural structures, foundations, brick/block walls, pavements, bridges/overpasses, motorways/roads, runways, parking structures, dams, pools/reservoirs, pipes, footings for gates, fences and poles and even boats.

Famous concrete structures include the Burj Khalifa [world's tallest building], the Hoover Dam, the Panama Canal and the Roman Pantheon.

Concrete technology was known by the Ancient Romans and was widely used within the Roman Empire. After the Empire passed, use of concrete became scarce until the technology was re-pioneered in the mid-18th century.

The environmental impact of concrete is a complex mixture of not entirely negative effects; while concrete is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, recycling of concrete is increasingly common in structures that have reached the end of their life. Structures made of concrete can have a long service life. As concrete has a high thermal mass and very low permeability, it can make for energy efficient housing.



TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA Site Planning, Design, Engineering & Construction Management Programs & Environmental Planning Toooo, California USA Edgemon Contractor



Concrete additives have been used since Roman and Egyptian times, when it was discovered that adding volcanic ash to the mix allowed it to set under water. Similarly, the Romans knew that adding horse hair made concrete less liable to crack while it hardened and adding blood made it more frost-resistant.

In modern times, researchers have experimented with the addition of other materials to create concrete with improved properties, such as higher strength or electrical conductivity.



There are many types of concrete available, created by varying the proportions of the main ingredients below. In this way or by substitution for the cementitious and aggregate phases, the finished product can be tailored to its application with varying strength, density, or chemical and thermal resistance properties.

Recently the use of recycled materials as concrete ingredients has been gaining popularity because of increasingly stringent environmental legislation. The most conspicuous of these is fly ash, a by-product of coal-fired power plants. This use reduces the amount of quarrying and landfill space required as the ash acts as a cement replacement thus reducing the amount of cement required.

The mix design depends on the type of structure being built, how the concrete will be mixed and delivered and how it will be placed to form this structure.



Fine and coarse aggregates make up the bulk of a concrete mixture. Sand, natural gravel and crushed stone are used mainly for this purpose. Recycled aggregates [from construction, demolition and excavation waste] are increasingly used as partial replacements of natural aggregates, while a number of manufactured aggregates, including air-cooled blast furnace slag and bottom ash are also permitted.

Decorative stones such as quartzite, small river stones or crushed glass are sometimes added to the surface of concrete for a decorative "exposed aggregate" finish, popular among landscape designers.

The presence of aggregate greatly increases the robustness of concrete above that of cement, which otherwise is a brittle material and thus concrete is a true composite material.

Redistribution of aggregates after compaction often creates inhomogeneity due to the influence of vibration. This can lead to strength gradients




There are inorganic materials that also have pozzolanic or latent hydraulic properties. These very fine-grained materials are added to the concrete mix to improve the properties of concrete [mineral admixtures], or as a replacement for Portland cement (blended cements).

Fly ash:    A by-product of coal-fired electric generating plants, it is used to partially replace Portland cement [by up to 60% by mass]. The properties of fly ash depend on the type of coal burnt. In general, siliceous fly ash is pozzolanic, while calcareous fly ash has latent hydraulic properties.

Ground granulated blast furnace slag [GGBFS or GGBS]:     A by-product of steel production is used to partially replace Portland cement [by up to 80% by mass]. It has latent hydraulic properties.

Silica fume:    A by-product of the production of silicon and ferrosilicon alloys. Silica fume is similar to fly ash, but has a particle size 100 times smaller. This results in a higher surface to volume ratio and a much faster pozzolanic reaction. Silica fume is used to increase strength and durability of concrete, but generally requires the use of superplasticizers for workability.

High reactivity Metakaolin [HRM]:    Metakaolin produces concrete with strength and durability similar to concrete made with silica fume. While silica fume is usually dark gray or black in color, high-reactivity metakaolin is usually bright white in color, making it the preferred choice for architectural concrete where appearance is important.



Concrete can be damaged by many processes, such as the expansion of corrosion products of the steel reinforcement bars, freezing of trapped water, fire or  radiant heat, aggregate expansion, sea water effects, bacterial corrosion, leaching, erosion by fast-flowing water, physical damage and chemical damage [from carbonation, chlorides, sulfates and distillate water].



Concrete buildings are more resistant to fire than those constructed using wood or steel frames, since concrete does not burn. Concrete reduces the risk of structural collapse and is an effective fire shield, providing safe means of escape for occupants and protection for fire fighters.

Options for non-combustible construction include floors, ceilings and roofs made of cast-in-place and hollow-core precast concrete. For walls, concrete masonry technology and Insulating Concrete Forms [ICFs] are additional options. ICFs are hollow blocks or panels made of fire-proof insulating foam that are stacked to form the shape of the walls of a building and then filled with reinforced concrete to create the structure.

Concrete also provides the best resistance of any building material to high winds, hurricanes, tornadoes due to its lateral stiffness that results in minimal horizontal movement.




TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA Site Acquisition, Site & Environmental Planning, Design, Engineering & Applicable Implementation Programs California USA Edgemon 274107 USA

Visit DAVIS COLORS Off Site Web Presence

"Davis Colors and our parent company Rockwood Pigments make thousands of different colored pigments: synthetic red, yellow, orange, brown and black iron oxides, carbon blacks, cobalt blues, and chromium oxide greens.

We offer standard colors and custom powder blends. The powder pigments are packaged in 50 lb. bags and in bulk sacks. Our Mix-Ready® line offers smaller packaging options. Many of our pigments are made from recycled material. In fact, sixty [60%] percent of the iron oxide pigment’s content is made from recycled materials.



Aqueous pigment dispersions are nothing new at Davis Colors™. In fact, we have been formulating liquid-based pigments since 1960 for paint and coating manufacturers. But we waited until now to introduce Hydrotint®, our new aqueous pigment dispersions especially formulated for colored concrete. That's because Davis Colors™ is committed to "Setting the Standard in Concrete Colors™". A liquid color had to prove itself as reliable and effective as our dry pigments before we could put the Davis Colors™ name on it."


TBNC Edgemon USA Recreational Resorts, Site Acquisition, Site & Environmental Planning, Design, Engineering & Implementation Programs California & Arizona USA Edgemon 274107

The Chameleon™ system raises colored concrete to a higher level. Introducing the world's first PC-operated automatic color metering system specifically engineered to satisfy the unique requirements of Ready-Mix operators. Developed by Davis Colors, a unit of Rockwood Pigments NA, Inc., the Chameleon™ system breaks new ground by combining innovative new liquid color metering technology with the computing power of standard PC and the versatility of Windows® -based operating software.


TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA, Environmental & Site Planning, Design, Engineering & Construction Managament Implementation Programs USA Edgemon 274107

TBNC EDgemon Recreational Resorts USA, Site Acquisition, Environmental & Site Planning, Design, Engineering & Implemintation Programs USA Edgemon 274107

The Concrete Palette™ by Davis Colors is the first computer-visualizing software tool that turns custom concrete colors viewed on a computer monitor into colors cast in concrete. It's available as a free download. With the ever-growing popularity of stamped concrete the Concrete Palette gives a designer more color options for their stamped concrete or decorative concrete projects. Now it is possible to create a color for stamped concrete that complements your own environment.





TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA Site Planning, Design, Engineering & Implemintation, Construction Managament California USA Edgemon 274107





TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA, Environmental & Site Planning, Design, Engineering & Construction Managament Implementation Programs USA Edgemon 274107

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA Site Planning & Environmental Enginnering, Design & Construction Management Applications USA Edgemon 274107
TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA, Site Planning, Environmental Engineering, Design & Construction Managament Implimentation Prograsm California USA Edgemon 274107

Cementitious Material Delivery by Ready Mix Transit
Representational Integral Color by Davis Colors

Representational Journeymen Concrete Professionals
Screeding Concrete to Form & Gradient Controls

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA, Site Acquisition, Environmental & Site Planning, Design & Construction Managament Implimentation Programs California USA Edgemon 274107
TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA, Site & Environmental Engineering, Planning & Design, Construction Managament Implimentation Programs & More, Edgemon USA 274107

Representational Journeymen Concrete Professionals
Effecting Stamped Texture Grid & Score Support Lines

Representational Application and "End of Day" File Recording
Structurally and Aesthetically Enhanced Commercial Driveway





TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA Site Acquisition, Environmental & Site Planning and Engineering, Professional & Creative Design, Project Management & Commercial Implimentation Programs USA Edgemon

Visit Superior Ready Mix Off Site Web Presence

Corporate Main Office    ·    1508 West Mission Road    ·    Escondido    ·    California  92029
760.745.0556   Main Office Direct    ·    760.740.9556   Corporate Facsimile

"The Mission of Superior Ready Mix is to provide our contractor and homeowner customers with the highest quality concrete, aggregate, and asphalt products using prompt, efficient and superior service. Family owned and operated since 1958, Superior Ready Mix has built a solid reputation in Southern California by continually providing customers with the superior products and services that our customers have come to expect."



Our employees seek to provide homeowners and contractors alike with the highest quality products available. We have a 45 plus year tradition of serving Southern California’s construction needs from back yard patios to large commercial projects.

We use a wide variety of concrete admixtures to provide you with performance enhanced concrete mixes. Contact your local representative to learn more about non-chloride accelerators, low to high range water reducers, stabilizers to retard setting time, self consolidating concrete, and more.

We offer multiple Fiber Reinforcement products for both residential and commercial use. To view your fiber options visit off Site web presence @

We use the latest technologies in liquid color provided by Davis Colors to give you the choice of what color you want your concrete to be. To view your color options, visit visit off Site web presence @




Superior Ready Mix is the one source for all your aggregate product needs.  We produce sand, crushed rock and road base for use in construction, landscape and home improvement.  We provide the best service possible by utilizing company owned equipment.

Our trucks are outfitted with state of the art tracking and communications systems.  This gives a high degree of flexibility, providing timely and accurate delivery of construction materials.









     TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre Representational Site View Easterly Edgemon Exposure, North San Diego County, California USA


TBNC Deer Meadows Resort & Spa Health & Wellness Centre Draft Site Plan .001 North San Diego County, California USA



Square Feet

Health & Wellness Campus Seminar & Symposium / Conference Center



Square Feet

Loggia, Lobby, Reception and Front Office


Square Feet

Day Spas and Wellness Training Center


Square Feet

In-Site Clientele Services and Fine Dining


Dedicated Units

Multi-Room Guest Suites


Dedicated Units

Spa and Special Guest Suites



ADA Van Accessible Site Specific Parking Spaces



ADA Compliant Parking Spaces


Site Dedicated

10' x 18.5' Parking Spaces Including Staff and Employees




TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Avocado Highway Signage @ 395 North San Diego County, California USA

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resort Properties, The Avocado Highway Story Line @ Deer Meadows Resort & Spa, Yuuuummm Avocados San Diego, California USA Edgemon

TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Center Avocado Highway North San Diego County, California USA



Interstate Highway 15 Between the Junction of State Highway Route 78 in the City of Escondido and the City of Temecula

The California avocado crop, annually expected to yield more than 320 million pounds of fruit, will soon be on its way to retail locations across the U.S., much of it via the "Avocado Highway," a stretch of Interstate Highway 15 where a major percentage of California's avocado crop is grown.

The Highway was named by a California State Assembly Resolution and instituted on December 16, 1997, the date specifically aligned with the official start of the California avocado season.


    California avocados are available throughout the year for use in a variety of holiday and everyday dishes, including Super Bowl dips, Cinco de Mayo guacamole, and summer salads and sandwiches. "The more than 22-mile stretch of I-15 between San Diego and Riverside counties, renamed the "Avocado Highway", houses nearly 30,000 acres of avocado groves, contributing greatly to the $1 billion California avocado industry," according to Bob Bednar, chairman of the board for the California Avocado Commission.

    An estimated 140 million pounds of the fruit are produced a year in San Diego County alone. As the leading growing area for California avocados, San Diego County is also known as the nation's Avocado Capitol. And Riverside County, the third largest growing region or the state's avocado crop, is projected to yield nearly 40 million pounds of avocados.

    Armed with these ample statistics that clearly position the land between Escondido and Temecula the most fertile avocado growing area in the nation, Senator David G. Kelley (R- 37th District) introduced Senate Concurrent Resolution Number 9, which officially designates the stretch of Interstate Highway 15 between the junction of State Highway Route 78 in the City of Escondido and the City of Temecula as the "Avocado Highway."

    For more information about California avocados, including nutritional guidelines and hundreds of recipes, visit the California Avocado Commission's Internet web site, located at Based in Santa Ana, Calif., the California Avocado Commission was established in 1977 to conduct market-development activities on behalf of the state's 6,000 avocado growers.






Visit DPLU Off Site @


C42 : Visitor-Serving Commercial Use / Section 2420


The provisions of Section 2420 through 2429, inclusive, shall be known as the C42 Visitor-Serving Commercial Use Regulations

The C42 Use Regulations are intended to create and enhance areas devoted to the provision of recreational and tourist oriented services.

A broad range of recreational and visitor-serving uses are permitted, and other uses are limited.

Typically, the C42 Regulations with appropriate designators can create an intensive-use recreational village, vacation spa, or resort, or in other areas considered generally unsuitable for intensive development, more rural, open recreation-oriented developments. [Amended Ordinance No. 6187 {N.S.} adopted 11.18.81]

The Project's Proposer presents various site facilities/complex design and land use opportunities reflective of, and in consideration of the existing environmental assets, gentle topography, circulation elements, "Interstate 15 Scenic Corridor" view management, and other socioeconomic amenities to the benefit of the neighborhood and the visiting tourism clientele.

The comprehensive study underway identifies and quantifies various marketplace components in the goal of creating the best "socially and economically site use".

Investing significant corporate energies in this study method allows for the development team to "pre-engineer" utility services requirements and facilities demands;

· Potable & Reclaimed Water Services Availability and Capacities
· Waste Water Management and Discharge / Recharge
· Electrical Energy Demands and Capacities
· Telecommunications Demands and Capacities
· Rural Fire Management Programs and Methodologies
· Emergency Management Services [EMS] Facilities and Capabilities
· Public Services and Socioeconomic Benefits · Intermodal Traffic and Circulation Opportunities








PR.1   154 Lodging Units

Gross SF Values [A-F]



Joint Use Calculations
C.1 / D.4 / F.3


PR.2   Wellness Campus




Joint Use Calculations
B.3 / C.2 / D.3 / F.4


PR.3   Day Spas / Training




Joint Use Calculations
B.3 / C.3 / D.3


PR.4   In Site Fine Dining




Joint Use Calculations
C.1 / D.2 / F.1 /F.4


PR.5   Administrative

Gross SF Values [A-F]



Joint Use Calculations
A.1 / B.1 / C.1


PR.6   Employee & Staffing

Gross SF Values [A-F]



Public Transit Calculations
No Offset [ATT]



[Adjustment + 15%]   [PR*]




Joint Use Calculations*







NET Joint-Use Values*





North County is a region in the northern area of San Diego County, California. It is the second most populous region in the county after San Diego, with an estimated population of 826,985. North County is well known for its affluence, especially in Cardiff-by-the-Sea, Del Mar, Rancho Santa Fe, and Solana Beach where house prices range on average above one millions dollars.



The name dates to at least the 1970s, when many of the communities in the area were yet to become incorporated cities and local community decisions were made forty [40] miles away at the county seat. In modern times North County continues to grow as a highly influential region of Greater San Diego. The top twenty-five [25] employers in San Diego County are closer to the North County city of Carlsbad than San Diego proper.



Both coastal and inland North County maintain two types of topography. In North County Coastal the land is generally flat with low rolling hills. The beaches are sandy with occasional tidepools and rocky reefs popping out of the surf. In some cases the coast is dominated by bluff type geography, where the land meeting the ocean sharply drops into the sea with a short beach. In some cases, such as in Encinitas, a whole city can be bisected by a coastal foothill ridge. Mountains soon become imminent as one travels further inland, displaying the rocky peaks of North County Inland. Such peaks included Twin Peaks in Poway, Mount Woodson in Ramona, and Iron Mountain in unincorporated territory between the two cities.

Rivers and creeks flowing west from the mountains farther inland predominantly end up draining into the regions four main lagoons. Throughout their course the way they form many lakes and reservoirs supporting and array of native species.

Definitions vary, but almost always include the communities and cities along Interstate 5 north of Carmel Valley Road and Interstate 15 north of Lake Hodges. For both geographic and political reasons, opinions differ as to whether to include the northern communities within the city limits of San Diego [such as La Jolla, Rancho Bernardo, or Scripps Ranch], or close in communities and cities such as Solana Beach, Cardiff-by-the-Sea, Aviara, Del Mar, Carmel Valley, Rancho Santa Fe, etc.

Regardless, North County is commonly divided into coastal and inland regions. The North County Times, which serves the entire region, shows North County Coastal cities being Oceanside, Carlsbad, Vista, Encinitas, Del Mar, and Solana Beach and North County Inland cities being Escondido, Fallbrook, San Marcos, Poway, Valley Center, Ramona, and Rancho Bernardo.



The region has strong ties to its coast. Its notable efforts are popular for preserving many marine environments including lagoons and tidal wetlands, many being last few on the South Coast. Unlike developments in many Orange County coastal cities, the lagoons and large areas of coast have not been so heavily developed. Major lagoons and inlets lining the coast from north to south include: Oceanside Harbor, Buena Vista Lagoon, Agua Hedionda Lagoon, Batiquitos Lagoon and San Elijo Lagoon.



TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre Logo Credit County of San Diego DPLU Log Red Doood, San Diego, California USA
Visit County of San Diego Department of Planning and Land Use Off Site @


Porte Cochere [Coach Door] In Western Architecture, either one of two elements found in large public and private buildings, popular in the late Renaissance and Renaissance revival periods of architectural design.

A Porte Cochere, as the French name implies, was originally an entrance or gateway to a building large enough to permit a coach to be driven through it into the interior court beyond.

These gateways are common features of homes and palaces built in the grand and elegant style of Kings Louis XIV and XV of France.

Later, the term was applied to a porch roof built over a driveway at the entrance to a building [usually known as the carriage porch]. This roof had to be large enough to accommodate a carriage or other wheeled vehicle, since its purpose was to provide shelter for those getting in or out of the vehicle.



TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre Representational Architectural Study Exhibit Courtyard North San Diego, California USA




Loggia is the name given to an architectural feature, originally of Italian design. They are often a gallery or corridor at ground level, sometimes higher, on the facade of a building and open to the air on one side, where it is supported by columns or pierced openings in the wall.

The loggia can also be an alternative to the portico. In this form it is mostly described as a recessed portico, or an internal room, with pierced walls and open to the elements. Occasionally a loggia is placed at the second floor level, above a loggia on the main floor; this is known as a 'double loggia'. Loggias sometimes were given significance in a facade by being surmounted by a pediment.

The main difference between a loggia and a portico is the role within the functional layout of the building. The portico allows access to the inside from the exterior, and can be found on vernacular and small scale buildings. The loggia is accessed only from inside, making it a place for leisure.

Thus, it is found mainly on noble residences and public buildings.



TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre Representational Architectural Exhibit & Studies Courtyrad North San Diego, California USA


In modern architecture, an atrium [plural: atria] is a large open space, often several stories high and having a glazed roof and/or large windows, often situated within a larger multistory building and often located immediately beyond the main entrance doors. Atria are a popular design feature because they give their buildings "a feeling of space and light." Fire control is an important aspect of contemporary atrium design due to criticism that poorly designed atria could allow fire to spread to a building's upper stories more quickly.



Courtyards—private open spaces surrounded by walls or buildings—have been in use in architecture for almost as long as people have lived in constructed dwellings. The earliest known courtyard houses were built in Iran and China and date as far back as 3000 BC.

Courtyards have historically been used for many purposes including cooking, sleeping, working, playing, gardening, and even places to keep animals.

Before courtyards, open fires were kept burning in a central place within a home, with only a small hole in the ceiling overhead to allow smoke to escape. Over time, these small openings were enlarged and eventually led to the development of the centralized open courtyard we know today. Courtyard homes have been designed and built throughout the world with many variations.



Courtyard structures are more prevalent in temperate climates, as an open central court can be an important aid to cooling in warm weather. However, courtyard structures have been found in harsher climates as well for centuries. The comforts offered by a courtyard—air, light, privacy, security, and tranquility—are properties nearly universally desired in human habitation.

More and more, architects are investigating ways that courtyards can play a role in the development of today's structures and cities.

In densely populated areas, a courtyard in a home can provide privacy for a family, a break from the frantic pace of everyday life, and a safe place for children to play. With space at a premium, architects are experimenting with courtyards as a way to provide outdoor space for small communities of people at a time. A courtyard surrounded by twelve [12] houses, for example, would provide a shared park-like space for those families, who could take pride in ownership of the space. Though this might sound like a modern-day solution to an inner city problem, the grouping of houses around a shared courtyard was common practice among the Incas as far back as the 13th century BC




Proposed Enriched Surface Area Detail at the Resort's Entry Monument [Signage] Station
and at Selective Roadway and Pedestrian Crossings

TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre Prototypical Interlocking Paver System Exhibit North San Diego County, California USA






A special type of paverstone referred to as an “interlocking concrete paver” or also a segmental paver has emerged over the last couple of decades in the United States as a very popular alternative to brick, clay or concrete.

Segmental pavers have been used for thousands of years. The Romans built roads with them that are still there. But it wasn’t until the mid 1940’s that pavers began to be produced out of concrete. It started in Holland where all the roads are made to be flexible because Holland is below sea level and the ground shifts, moves and sinks. Poured concrete is not an option because it will crack. Individual units not set in concrete placed in sand perform far better than concrete. Before the paver was made from concrete either real stone or a clay product had to be employed.

The first concrete pavers were shaped just like a brick, four [4”] inches by eight [8”] inches and they were called Holland Stones and still are today. These units turned out to be far more economical to produce and were exceedingly strong.


How Interlocking Pavers Interlock

When one thinks of interlocking paving stones one often gets the idea of dog bone shape stones that fit together like a jigsaw puzzle. That is not the case at all. The interlocking comes from the fact that each stone can NOT move independently from its neighbor. In fact there are two important aspects of an interlocking paving stone job that keeps the pavers interlocked.

The first is the sand. As simple as this might seem the sand creates the interlock. Not any sand though, it must be a sharp angular sand [also called Joint Sand and Polymeric Sand] that will lock together. If you filled the joints between the pavers with silica sand, each particle is perfectly round, it’s like putting ball bearing between the pavers and they WILL then be able to move independent of the stone next to them. Pavers are made with a small ridge on the side of each one so there is space for the sand.

The second important aspect is the edge restraints [the border that is holding the pavers together]. Since they are sitting in sand not mortar if the edge is not held firmly in place they could start to spread apart. This would create larger and larger opening between the pavers that would eventually be so wide that there would no longer be friction between the stones. With the second condition in place you have now created interlock.






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Visit ORCO Web Off Site


In the United States, a Concrete Masonry Unit [CMU] – also called concrete block, cement block, and foundation block – is a large rectangular brick used in construction.

Concrete blocks are made from cast concrete, i.e. Portland cement and aggregate, usually sand and fine gravel for high-density blocks. Lower density blocks may use industrial wastes as an aggregate. Those that use cinders [fly ash or bottom ash] are called cinder blocks in the US, breeze blocks[breeze is a synonym of ash] in the UK and are also known as besser blocks or bricks in Australia. Clinker blocks use clinker as aggregate.

In non-technical usage, the terms cinder block and breeze block are often generalized to cover all of these varieties.

Lightweight blocks can also be produced using aerated concrete.



HEADQUARTERS    ·  11100 Beach Boulevard    ·   Stanton     ·   California 90680
714.527.2239  Corporate Office    ·   714.895.4021  Corporate Facsimile    ·   800.473.6726  Toll Free




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Concrete blocks may be produced with hollow centres to reduce weight or improve insulation. The use of blockwork allows structures to be built in the traditional masonry style with layers [or courses] of staggered blocks. Blocks come in many sizes. In the US, with an R-Value of 1.11 the most common nominal size is 16×8×8 in [410×200×200 mm]; the actual size is usually about 3⁄8 in [9.5 mm] smaller to allow for mortar joints. In Ireland and the UK, blocks are usually 440×215×100 mm [17×8.5×3.9 in] excluding mortar joints. In New Zealand, blocks are usually 390×190×190 mm [15×7.5×7.5 in] excluding mortar joints.

Block cores are typically tapered so that the top surface of the block [as laid] has a greater surface on which to spread a mortar bed.. There may be two [2], three [3] or four [4] cores, although two [2] cores are the most common configuration. The presence of a core allows steel reinforcing to be inserted into the assembly, greatly increasing its strength. Reinforced cores are filled with grout to secure the reinforcing in proper relationship to the structure, and to bond the block and reinforcing. The reinforcing is primarily used to impart greater tensile strength to the assembly, improving its ability to resist lateral forces such as wind load and seismic forces.



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A variety of specialized shapes exist to allow special construction features. U-shaped blocks or notches allow the construction of bond beams or lintel assemblies, using horizontal reinforcing grouted into place in the cavity. Blocks with a channel on the end, known as "jamb blocks", allow doors to be secured to wall assemblies. Blocks with grooved ends permit the construction of control joints, allowing a filler material to be anchored between the un-mortared block ends. Other features, such as radiused corners known as "bullnoses" may be incorporated. A wide variety of decorative profiles also exist.

Concrete masonry units may be formulated with special aggregates to produce specific colors or textures for finish use. Special textures may be produced by splitting a ribbed or solid two-block unit; such factory-produced units are called "split-rib" or "split-face" blocks. Blocks may be scored by grooves the width of a mortar joint to simulate different block modules [e.g., an 8" x 16" block may be scored in the middle to simulate 8" x 8" masonry], with the grooves filled with mortar and struck to match the true joints..




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4966 El Camino Real   ·  Suite 223   ·    Los Altos    ·  California  94022   ·    650.641.3104  Contact Direct   ·   650.963.1544  Corporate Facsimile 

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Integrity Block is a compacted-earth block used as a cost-competitive replacement for concrete masonry units (CMUs). Made from a proprietary soil mix that includes up to 60 percent pre-consumer recycled content (by-product from mining or quarrying), the Integrity Block uses 40 percent less energy to produce and meets ASTM C-90 standards for load-bearing CMUs. The portland cement content is approximately half that of standard block. Integrity Blocks are the color of the earth used in manufacturing, giving them a unique natural appearance without any added dyes or pigments. The company’s landscape product is currently available, with structural full and half blocks scheduled to be rolled out in late 2008. Integrity Blocks are initially being shipped in Northern California, although the company has plans for at least five additional plants nationwide within the next several years, so that regional markets can be reached with low transportation (and carbon) impacts.





A brick is a block of ceramic material used in masonry construction, usually laid using various kinds of mortar. It has been regarded as one of the longest lasting and strongest building materials used throughout history



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Visit CASTAIC BRICK Off Site Web Presence

32201 Castaic Lake Drive   -   Castaic  -  California  91310
800-CASTAIC [800.227.8242]  United States   -    661.259.3066  Worldwide


Great Clay Brick begins with great clay. Castaic Brick stands atop one of the world's most generous deposits of top quality brickmaking clay. Since its founding in 1950, bricks made from this clay have won the company a reputation for quality and service. We are one of the largest brick manufacturers with our main offices centrally located in Castaic, California.



The West's Finest Clay Brick Products Since 1950

Castaic Brick brings you the world's oldest building material in its finest form. From the sidewalk leading to the front door of your neighbor's house to the vaulted ceiling at the Jean Jacques Boulangerie at the Paris Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, Castaic Brick has been specified time after time. And for good reason. It all starts with clay. Not just good clay. Great clay.

Castaic Brick sprawls across one of the largest deposits of high grade brickmaking clay. Since 1950, bricks made from this superb clay have been the building blocks for the success story that is Castaic Brick.

Today's Castaic Brick makes use of a new, ultramodern manufacturing plant to produce a full line of commercial, common, paving, veneer, and crushed brick. One of the earliest building materials, brick was used in the Egyptian pyramids, the Great Wall of China, and the construction of Rome.

Architects specify fireproof Castaic Brick for its striking appearance, exceptional hardness and consistent color. All are available in quantity at competitive prices, in both standard and custom sizes, colors and finishes. Today's brick lends warmth and charm to not only homes and commercial buildings but also barbecues, pools, patios, garden walks and hundreds of other uses.

The best clay, cutting edge manufacturing facilities, a half-century reputation for producing a full line of standard, commercial, paving, veneer and crushed brick.

This is Castaic Brick




The oldest discovered bricks, originally made from shaped mud and dating to before 7500 B.C. were found at Tell Aswad then later in the upper Tigris region and in southeast Anatolia close to Diyarbakir. Other more recent findings, dated between 7,000 and 6,395 B.C., come from Jericho and Catal Hüyük. The first sun-dried bricks were made in Mesopotamia [what is now Iraq], in the ancient city of Ur in about 4000 BC, although the arch used for drying the bricks was not actually found.

Other examples of civilizations who used mud brick include the ancient Egyptians and the Indus Valley Civilization, where it was used exclusively. In particular, it is evident from the ruins of Buhen, Mohenjo-daro and Harappa.

The Romans made use of fired bricks, and the Roman legions, which operated mobile kilns, introduced bricks to many parts of the empire. Roman bricks are often stamped with the mark of the legion that supervised their production. The use of bricks in southern and western Germany, for example, can be traced back to traditions already described by the Roman architect Vitruvius.



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For extruded bricks the clay is mixed with 10-15% water [stiff extrusion] or 20-25% water [soft extrusion]. This is forced through a die to create a long cable of material of the proper width and depth. This is then cut into bricks of the desired length by a wall of wires. Most structural bricks are made by this method, as it produces hard, dense bricks, and suitable dies can produce holes or other perforations. The introduction of holes reduces the volume of clay needed, and hence the cost.

Hollow bricks are lighter and easier to handle, and have thermal properties different from solid bricks. The cut bricks are hardened by drying for twenty [20] to forty [40] hours at 50 to 150 °C before being fired. The heat for drying is often waste heat from the kiln. European-style extruded bricks or blocks are used in single-wall construction with finishes applied inside and outside. Their many voids are a greater proportion of the volume than the solid, thin walls of fired clay. Such bricks are made in 15, 25, 30, 42 and 50-cm widths. Some models have very high thermal insulation performance suitable for zero-energy buildings.




The fired color of clay bricks is influenced by the chemical and mineral content of raw materials, the firing temperature and the atmosphere in the kiln. For example pink colored bricks are the result of a high iron content, white or yellow bricks have a higher lime content. Most bricks burn to various red hues, if the temperature is increased the color moves through dark red, purple and then to brown or grey at around 1,300 °C [2,372 °F]. Calcium silicate bricks have a wider range of shades and colors, depending on the colorants used. The names of bricks may reflect their origin and color, such as London stock brick and Cambridgeshire White.

"Bricks" formed from concrete are usually termed blocks, and are typically pale grey in color. They are made from a dry, small aggregate concrete which is formed in steel moulds by vibration and compaction in either an "egglayer" or static machine. The finished blocks are cured rather than fired using low-pressure steam. Concrete blocks are manufactured in a much wider range of shapes and sizes than clay bricks and are also available with a wider range of face treatments - a number of which are to simulate the appearance of clay bricks.

An impervious and ornamental surface may be laid on brick either by salt glazing, in which salt is added during the burning process, or by the use of a "slip," which is a glaze material into which the bricks are dipped. Subsequent reheating in the kiln fuses the slip into a glazed surface integral with the brick base.

Natural stone bricks are of limited modern utility, due to their enormous comparative mass, the consequent foundation needs, and the time-consuming and skilled labour needed in their construction and laying. They are very durable and considered more handsome than clay bricks by some. Only a few stones are suitable for bricks. Common materials are granite, limestone and sandstone. Other stones may be used [for example, marble, slate, quartzite, and so on.] but these tend to be limited to a particular locality.



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The wide selection of brick styles and types generally available in industrialized nations allow much variety in the appearance of the final product. In buildings built during the 1950s-1970s, a high degree of uniformity of brick and accuracy in masonry was typical.

In the period since then this style was thought to be too sterile, so attempts were made to emulate older, rougher work. Some brick surfaces are made to look particularly rustic by including burnt bricks, which have a darker color or an irregular shape. Others may use antique salvage bricks, or new bricks may be artificially aged by applying various surface treatments, such as tumbling.

The attempts at rusticity of the late 20th century have been carried forward by masons specializing in a free, artistic style, where the courses are intentionally not straight, instead weaving to form more organic impressions.



Bricks Used for Building, Block Paving and Pavement

In the USA, brick pavement was found incapable of withstanding heavy traffic, but it is coming back into use as a method of traffic calming or as a decorative surface in pedestrian precincts. For example, in the early 1900s, most of the streets in the city of Grand Rapids, Michigan were paved with brick. Today, there are only about twenty [20] blocks of brick paved streets remaining [totalling less than 0.5 percent of all the streets in the city limits].



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Bricks in the metallurgy and glass industries are often used for lining furnaces, in particular refractory bricks such as silica, magnesia, chamotte and neutral [chromomagnesite] refractory bricks. This type of brick must have good thermal shock resistance, refractoriness under load, high melting point, and satisfactory porosity. There is a large refractory brick industry, especially in the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, and the Netherlands.

In the United Kingdom, bricks have been used in construction for centuries. Until recently, almost all houses were built almost entirely from bricks. Although many houses in the UK are now built using a mixture of concrete blocks and other materials, many houses are skinned with a layer of bricks on the outside for aesthetic appeal.

Engineering bricks are used where strength, low water porosity or acid [flue gas] resistance are needed.

In the UK a redbrick university is one founded and built in the Victorian era, often as a technical college. The term serves to distinguish these polytechnic colleges from older, more classics-oriented universities.

Colombian architect Rogelio Salmona was noted for his extensive use of red brick in his buildings and for using natural shapes like spirals, radial geometry and curves in his designs. Most buildings in Colombia are made of brick, given the abundance of clay in equatorial countries like this one.










TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre View Westerly in the Early Morning, North San Diego County, California USA



TBNC DMR&S North San Diego County Wellness Centre Draft Colorized Master Pallette USAREPRESENTATIONAL ARCHITECTURAL SCHEMA STUDY


Color can have a profound psychological and physiological impact on the human experience, and in particular on users of the built environment. The goal of the TBNC Collaboration is to use color in a more effective way and to create more human, user-supportive environments through the educated application of color.

Exteriors Color and architecture go hand in hand.

Form first reaches the human eye through color, and as a characteristic of perception, cannot be separated from form. Color is the language of form, and is also the language of emotions. As the architect Professor Sune Lindstrom pointed out, "With every particular architectural product is the spontaneous emotional reaction that is of importance to us".

Through exterior color we influence our townscape and interact with our surroundings by way of the cultural associations, as well as the emotional associations of color.




Exterior Architectural Colors

•  Modulates a building's appearance and bring it into harmony with it's surroundings
•  Differentiates, contains, unites, equalizes, and accentuates structural elements and amenities
•  Compliments a building to appear pleasant, well proportioned, stimulating and inviting
•  Affirms individuality to buildings that exhibit the same or similar design

Restaurants and food service establishments business success rests on four conditions: food, service, price and restaurant's ambiance. As long as food and service are good and the price is fair, the more inviting restaurant will always be more successful.

The more inviting restaurant is the one that arouses the appetite through multi-sensory stimulation.

Studies show that color appetence behavior is stimulated and dependent on smell, the thought of food, and most of all by sight - "We eat with our eyes," as the saying goes. Therefore the uses of color in restaurant design should emphasis color's psychological association with appetite, as well as smell.

Color may be used to stimulate the appetite, as well as present the desired restaurant image such as: chic bistro, family restaurant, or fast food establishment. Psychological appeal, distinction, the feeling of harmony and sense of identity are always linked to products that sell, and that also applies to food service establishments as well.



The pace of modern life is fast and stressful and requires that today's built environment provide rest and relaxation.

What constitutes 'rest and relaxation' for one person might be different for another. When planning colors for a living and/or activity space the color designer should explore the individual clients personality, his or her relationship to color and his or her response to visual stimulation, as well as considering lifestyle needs.

Designing a personal living / activity space demands the utmost knowledge of "color psychology" because color is a key element in personalizing the living and built environment. The designer, trained in color psychology, is able to gain greater understanding of his or her client and apply that knowledge to the color design. Color's psychological effects can then interact with the individual personality and support the function of each space within the built environment.






Sensitive Vegetation Communities

The County of San Diego RPO [10 October 1991] Defines "Sensitive Habitat Lands" as Follows:

Land which supports unique vegetation communities, or habitats of rare or endangered species or sub-species of animals or plants as defined by Section 15380 of the State of California Environmental Quality Act [CEQA] Guidelines [14 California Administration Code Section 15000 et seq.]. "Sensitive Habitat Lands" include the area which is necessary to support a viable population of any of the above species in perpetuity, or which is critical to proper functioning of a balanced natural ecosystem or which serves as a functioning wildlife corridor.


Sited at the Subject Study Parcel's Northerly Property Line

DMR&S. TBNC Oak Woodland Improvements Existing Site Conditions TBNC Soutehrn California USA
TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre Oak Woodlands View Northeasterly Photo.Exhibit Edgemon, North San Diego County, California USA

View Northwesterly from the Resort Project's Central Point Knoll
to the Existing Property Line Sited Linear Oak Woodlands

View Northerly from the Resort Project's Central Point Knoll
to the Existing Property Line Sited Linear Oak Woodlands


California oak woodland is a plant community found throughout the California chaparral and woodlands ecoregion of California in the United States and northwestern Baja California in Mexico. Oak woodland is widespread at lower elevations in: coastal California; interior valleys of the Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges and Peninsular Ranges; and in a ring around the California Central Valley grasslands. The dominant trees are oaks, interspersed with other broadleaf and coniferous trees, with an understory of grasses, herbs, geophytes, and California native plants.


DMR&S Deer Meadows Oak Parkland Trail Bridge prototypical TBNC North San Diego County, California USA

Representational Exhibit Trail System Bridge Application


DMR&S TBNC Deer Meadows Resort & Spa Oak Woodlands Improvements Derek Tyler Edgemon Specialist with Saw, North San Diego County, California USA

Derek T.  Edgemon
Senior Environmental Field Technician


The Resort Proposers recognize the stateliness of this Environmental Asset and are envisioning the creation of an enjoyable, readily  accessible "guest and public invited" linear parkland.

Located in a line westerly to easterly at the project's northerly property boundary, the site is replete with stately, long-term specimen category native oak habitat and streambed vegetation.

Although the predominate Oak Woodland is sited on conjoined non-associated properties to the north, an enhanced "oak drip line" does exist onto the subject Resort Project property.

Every effort shall be undertaken to incorporate established environmental industry "best practices policies".

An integrated Pedestrian Trail System is envisioned to be created the linear length of the Park, surfaced with a decomposed granular aggregate stone, and two [2] vignette picnic areas within the Oak Overstory Canopy.

Additionally, it is envisioned that the picnic tables and picnic area amenities to be of "green industry" recycled materials.








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1.8 Miles Northeasterly
3 Minutes

2.5 Miles Northerly
4 Minutes

3.1 Miles Northerly
5 Minutes

4.0 Miles Westerly
10 Minutes

3.3 Miles Southeasterly
6 Minutes






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10333 Meadow Glen Way East
Escondido  ·  California  92026

8860 Lawrence Welk Drive
Escondido  ·  California  92026

8860 Lawrence Welk Drive
Escondido  ·  California  92026

1425 No. Twin Oaks Valley Road
San Marcos    ·  California   92069

1800 West Country Club Lane
Escondido    ·  California  92026



4.5 Miles Northerly
8 Minutes

8.2 Miles Westerly
< 20 Minutes

8.2 Miles Southwesterly
< 20 Minutes

10.3 Miles Southerly
16 Minutes

11.3 Miles Northerly
< 15 Minutes






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8797 Circle R Drive
Escondido   ·  California  92026.5802

31474 Golf Club Drive
Bonsall  ·  California   92003

1750 San Pablo Drive
Lake San Marcos  ·  California  92078

925 San Pasqual Road
Escondido  ·  California  92025

2001 Old Highway 395
Fallbrook   ·  California  92028



11.3 Miles Southerly
< 20 Minutes

9.6 Miles Northwesterly
20 Minutes

15.3 Miles Southerly
< 25 Minutes

16.3 Miles Southerly
25 Minutes

14.6 Miles Southwesterly
30 Minutes






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2492 Old Ranch Road
Escondido  ·  California  92027

2757 Gird Road
Fallbrook  ·  California  92028

14455 Penasquitos Drive
San Diego   ·  California  92129.1603

14050 Carmel Ridge Road
San Diego  ·  California 92128

2100 Costa del Mar Road
Carlsbad  ·  California  92009






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Grand Entry View Southeasterly

Representational Interior Elements

Resort Pool & Patio Spa Elements


Experience The Excitement Of Pala Time

Some of the most exciting Pala moments happen under the spotlights of our 4 state-of-the-art entertainment venues. From the intimate style of Infinity, to the open-air grandeur of the Palomar Starlight Theater, Pala is certain to have a perfect show and a perfect venue for you.


Rejuvenate And Relax The Mind And Body

The Pala Spa combines entertainment and relaxation to create an environment that promotes health and rejuvenation. Set against the tranquil backdrop of the Palomar Mountains, the Pala Spa, with 14 treatment rooms including two Couples Suites, a state-of-the-art fitness center, a full-service salon, and a retail boutique delivers a perfect getaway just for you.


Indulge In Culinary Excellence

Pala Time doesn’t have to stop after you cash in. Just make any one of our 10 fabulous restaurants part of your visit. One taste, and you’ll understand why we say “There Are So Many Ways To Win® At Pala”.




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The Grand Entry Westerly View

Entertainment & Gaming Elements

Overview of the Resort Edifice


The Pechanga Resort and Casino features a spa, nightclub, and entertainment venue, and is approximately 25 miles from Hemet-Ryan Airport, 56 miles from Ontario International Airport, and 61 miles from San Diego International Airport. Local attractions include downtown Temecula, approximately five miles away, and the Promenade in Temecula, located six miles from the property. Hotel amenities include a casino, fitness center, seasonal outdoor pool, sundeck, cabanas, spa, massages, saunas, beauty treatments, shops, eight restaurants, theater, live events, nightclub, bar, and a box office. Guest rooms feature cable TVs, movies on-demand, video games, high-speed Internet access, coffee available, minibars, alarm clocks, hairdryers, irons and ironing boards, bath amenities, and safes.

Designed in a style reminiscent of Frank Lloyd Wright, the architecture of Pechanga Resort & Casino reflects a casual elegance embracing nature and infused with Native American art and culture. Earning the AAA Four Diamond rating award annually since opening in 2002, Pechanga’s status as a recipient of that coveted award evidenced throughout in amenities and service.

A striking porte cochere entry flanked by two water features greets arriving hotel guests who are welcomed into an inviting lobby highlighted by a massive true-to-life oak tree and granite water feature. Met by attentive Front Desk Registration Attendants, guests can observe original art and photographs depicting the culture and history of the Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians that accent the lobby area. Other public rooms and hallways are similarly completed by original paintings, baskets and art.

Pechanga hotel guests will find Four Diamond comfort and amenities in each of its 517 spacious guest rooms and suites, including 24-hour room service. Each oversized deluxe room is unique with floor to ceiling windows and an impressive master bath. One bedroom suites offer sitting rooms with a wet bar, separate sleeping quarters and a one-and-a-half bath. Jacuzzi Suites combine the comfort of a deluxe room with an additional cozy sitting room and a full Jacuzzi tub for two. Hotel guests have complimentary use of the fully equipped health club, seasonal pool and sundeck with private cabanas, and a knowledgeable concierge service. Massage therapy is available by appointment at the spa located on the third floor adjacent to the pool and health club.




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The Grand Entry & Porte Cochere

Entertainment & Gaming

Resort Amenities & Poolside View


In the fast-changing and highly competitive world in which guests have many entertainment choices, having a firm grasp of what we want to be and how we will get there are important for long-term success. In 2000, Caesars Entertainment, Inc., became the first casino company to adopt specific core principles to guide the way we interact with employees, guests and the communities in which we do business. These principles are called the Harrah’s Code of Commitment.

The Harrah’s Code of Commitment governs the conduct of our business. It is a public pledge to our guests, our employees and our communities that we will honor the trust they have placed in us:

A commitment to our guests to promote responsible gaming

A commitment to our employees to treat them with respect and provide them opportunities to build satisfying careers

A commitment to our communities to help make them vibrant places to live and work, and to market our casinos responsibly


The activities that support the Code are called Corporate Social Responsibility [CSR] programs. At Harrah’s Rincon Casino & Resort [HRCR] our CSR programs are divided into several programs, with the primary focus on Charitable Giving, Volunteerism, CODEGREEN, and Responsible Gaming.




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Significant Resort Entertainment Planning

GOD Bless America

Welcoming Entry to Casino Pauma


Casino Pauma is a North County favorite, because it’s smaller in size compared to the other casinos. This is a very appealing aspect for many people because big is not always better. You’ll also be greeted by a friendly door man with a smile and a warm greeting. Yes, Casino Pauma is a friendly place.

A palm tree-lined road greets guests to Casino Pauma and its comfortable 42,500-sq. ft. facility. More than 1,050 state-of-the-art slot machines are featured here at Casino Pauma along with exciting table games including poker, roulette, [$5] blackjack 24-hours a day, Lucky Lady’s Bonus Blackjack, Emperor’s Challenge Pai Gow Poker, and no limit Texas Hold ’em tournaments. The Poker Room opens at 5 p.m. Mon.–Thurs. and at 2 p.m. Fri.–Sun.

Federally recognized since 1891, and established in August of 1892, the Pauma Band is one of seven Bands of the Luiseño people located in San Diego and Riverside counties. The band has a rich history that goes back thousands of years.

Tribal lands of the Pauma Band consist of four [4] parcels of land equaling approximately 5,800 acres. In 1985, Pauma began its agriculture project with five [5] acres of Hass avocados. Currently, Pauma produces Hass avocados, Valencia oranges and lemons on approximately sixty [60] acres.

The Band opened Casino Pauma in May 2001, providing employment to the Tribal Members and the surrounding communities. Its revenues enhance the Tribal Government’s ability to meet the essential needs of the membership.




TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts & Fun Family Oriented Communities in California USA Site Design, Engineering & Environmental Planning Programs Edgemon 274107 USA

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts & Fun Family Oriented Parklands California USA Environmental Planning, Site Design, Engineering & Construction Management Programs USA Edgemon
TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts & Fun & Exciting Family Oriented Communities, toooo, Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering, Construction Management USA Edgemon 274107
TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts & Fun Family Oriented Parklands Experiences California + Arizona + Nevada, Site Development & Environmental Planning Programs USA Edgemon 274107

Relaxing Entry to the Valley View Resort

The New Exciting Hotel Now Open

The Stately Valley View Entertainment Edifice


San Diego's Most Exciting Gaming Destination

Valley View Casino & Hotel is the ultimate gaming getaway! Combining the best in casino action with beautifully appointed rooms and breathtaking views, Valley View Casino is Southern California's most exciting casino hotel.

Plus, Valley View Casino & Hotel is an adults-only playground, with a 21 and older policy, meaning you truly get to relax and get away from it all! With San Diego's only Certified Loose slots, exciting table games, seven delicious restaurants, three bars and lounges, and free live entertainment nightly, Valley View Casino & Hotel is the place to play and stay.


Something to Satisfy Every Appetite

Take your pick from Valley View Casino’s many delicious dining options. Whether you are looking for a five-course meal or a quick bite before you get back onto your favorite slot machine, we’ll satisfy your appetite with fresh, tasty meals made by some of the top culinary talents in the country.

Valley View Casino & Hotel, Southern California's premier gaming destination, combines the thrill of San Diego's only Certified Loose slots and all your favorite table games with beautifully appointed rooms, seven delicious restaurants and first-class guest service. The casino features 2000 of the latest and greatest slot machines and 26 exciting tables including blackjack, roulette, baccarat, pai gow poker and more, as well as a complete non-smoking casino in addition to the main casino floor.

Delicious dining options include the award-winning lobster buffet, the Black&Blue steakhouse and lounge, BLD's café, Scoops gelato shop, Sweets pastry shop, Stix Asian noodle bar and Snax 24-hour snack shop. With three bars and live entertainment nightly, there's always something fun going on at Valley View Casino & Hotel. The casino hotel features 12 Luxury Suites and 96 Deluxe Rooms all featuring breathtaking views and complimentary poolside breakfast. To enjoy the casino, hotel and restaurants, guests must be 21 or older.

For more information about Valley View Casino & Hotel CALL 760.291.5500






TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts, Environmental Planning & Significant Projects Site Development & Construction Managament USA Edgemon California 274107

The one thousand, eight hundred [1,800] acre San Diego Zoo's Wild Animal Park is operated by the not-for-profit San Diego Zoo and includes a nine hundred [900] acre native species reserve. The organization focuses on conservation and research work around the globe, educates millions of individuals a year about wildlife and maintains accredited horticultural, animal, library and photo collections. The Zoo also manages the San Diego Zoo and the San Diego Zoo's Institute for Conservation Research. The important conservation and science work of these entities is supported in part by The Foundation of the Zoological Society of San Diego.


Visit The World Famous San Diego Wild Animal Park
Off Site Web Presence @

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts of America Environmental Planning & Site Design & Engineering, Construction Managament Programs Implimentation, California USA Edgemon







TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts Accomplished Environmental Planners, Desgners, Engineers and Construction Managers, California & The Southwestern USA Edgemon 274107

Visit the Nearby WELK RESORT Off Site Web Presence

In 1964, Lawrence Welk, the renown musical entertainer went for a drive in the country north of San Diego, California planning to invest in a grove of orange trees. Instead he bought a motel and a nine-hole golf course.

During this period, a young Tom Edgemon [California Contractor 274107] and his staff of accomplished environmental and spatial design professionals performed site and landscape development for the Welk Enterprise [TeleKlew Productions Co.].


TBNC Edgemon California Environmental Planners, Professional Site Design, Engineering & Construction Management Programs, California Edgemon 274107

After Welk staged one of his shows at the site, it became a popular tourist spot and grew to include a theatre, more golf and eventually timeshare.

Today, the Welk Group operates Interval International (II) premier timeshare properties in Escondido, Palm Springs and Cabo San Lucas, as well as a theatre and Resort Hotel in Branson.

These resorts have been honored with Gold Crown status by Resort Condominiums International, a major worldwide vacation exchange organization. Welk's grandson Jon Fredricks keeps the resorts - and the Welk Family traditions - alive. For more information about Lawrence Welk Resorts, go to See "Welk Resorts Timeshare Sales Presentation" below to learn how to get a free gift while you learn about vacation ownership.




TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers California Edgemon 274107

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts, Spas & Health & Wellness Centers USA Environmental Planning, Site Design & Premier Engineering, California USA Edgemon 274107




Built on six hundred [600] acres of beautifully manicured grounds, the Welk Resort San Diego Fountains Golf Course measures around 4,000 yards from the tournament tee markers. This David Rainville designed golf course poses a challenge to even the low handicap golfer, yet the course layout makes it friendly to players of all levels. The Fountains Course, listed in Golf Digest's "Best Places to Play" and ranked Top 10 in San Diego is Welk Resort San Diego's premier course. 



Eighteen [18] Holes

Par 62  [8 par 4 Holes, 10 par 3 Holes]    ·   3,968  yards    ·  Open Daily from 6:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.


The Fountains Golf Course at a Glance

The Welk Resort San Diego Fountains Golf Course is open daily from 6:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. Free golf clinics are available to Welk Resort Guests and Welk Resort Owners. Private lessons are also available for those looking for more personalized golf instruction.


Tee Times & Fees

Prices vary depending on season and time of play. All golf fees include shared cart. Pricing is per person. Must be ten [10] years old to be on course, eighteen [18] to drive a cart. All mentioned rates, discounts, dates, and times are subject to change without notice and are based on availability. Other restrictions may apply.


TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts Environmental Planning fo Special Family Resorts & More, Site Design & Engineering, Premier Construction Management, toooo Edgemon California USA 274107






TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre Credits The Golden Door Logo, North San Diego County, California USA

Visit the World Famous Golden Door Spa Web Presence Off Site

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA Environmental Planning Site Development, Planning & Engineering, California Contractor 274107 Edgemon,,,, Dooood.USA


TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Golden Door SPA as Good Neighbor Logo Credits Women on Sand, North San Diego County, California USA

Experience the extraordinary healing power of Golden Door. Amid the rolling hills and citrus groves of San Diego County, founder Deborah Szekely developed a unique philosophy of personal health and fitness - little knowing she was about to start a revolution that resulted in the birth of an entire industry.

Szekely and her husband managed a modest retreat known as "Rancho La Puerta" - or "The Door" in Spanish" - which grew from a "bring-your-own-tent" health farm to a beautiful, Spanish-style adobe resort. Eventually, in response to requests from guests for a higher level of luxury, Deborah opened a new property in 1958 that combined intensive training in personal health with gracious hospitality, inspired by the ancient Honjin inns of Japan. The original spa in Escondido, in Southern California is the source of inspiration for the rest of the luxury spa retreat portfolio - from the mountain-cradled Colorado destination spa resort at The Peaks to the vibrant Caribbean property along the Puerto Rican coast at El Conquistador & Las Casitas Resort.

Journey through the fabled doors of one of our premier luxury spas, and discover an inspired combination of features, including:

Ancient Asian influences, offering gracious hospitality within a quiet sanctuary

Environmental inspirations, taken from each individual location and beautifully woven throughout the architecture and design of spa treatments

Classic European spa techniques, featuring well-trained, professional staff and the most luxurious and indulgent of therapies







In America, the Fire code [also Fire Prevention Code or Fire Safety Code) is a model code adopted by the state or local jurisdiction and enforced by fire prevention officers within municipal fire departments. It is a set of rules prescribing minimum requirements to prevent fire and explosion hazards arising from storage, handling, or use of dangerous materials, or from other specific hazardous conditions. It complements the building code. The fire code is aimed primarily at preventing fires, ensuring that necessary training and equipment will be on hand, and that the original design basis of the building, including the basic plan set out by the architect, is not compromised.

The Fire Code also addresses inspection and maintenance requirements of various fire protection equipment in order to maintain optimal active fire protection and passive fire protection measures.

A typical fire safety code includes administrative sections about the rule-making and enforcement process, and substantive sections dealing with fire suppression equipment, particular hazards such as containers and transportation for combustible materials, and specific rules for hazardous occupancies, industrial processes, and exhibitions.

Sections may establish the requirements for obtaining permits and specific precautions required to remain in compliance with a permit. For example, a fireworks exhibition may require an application to be filed by a licensed pyrotechnician, providing the information necessary for the issuing authority to determine whether safety requirements can be met. Once a permit is issued, the same authority [or another delegated authority] may inspect the site and monitor safety during the exhibition, with the power to halt operations, when unapproved practices are seen or when unforeseen hazards arise.



8709 Circle "R" Drive
Escondido, California  92026.5802
TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre NCFPD Fire Protection & EMS Nearby Mappage North San Diego County, California USA

Susan Magdaleno
Fire Marshal

TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellnes Centre Logo Credit Deer Springs Municiple Fire District Professionals North San Diego County, California USA

760.749.8001 Office Contact   ·  760.749.6572  Office Facsimile

1321 Deer Springs Road   ·   Escondido  ·   California  92026






Waste Water [sewage] Treatment, or domestic sewerage treatment, is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater and household sewage, both runoff [effluents] and domestic. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove physical, chemical and biological contaminants. Its objective is to produce an environmentally-safe fluid waste stream [or treated effluent] and a solid waste [or treated sludge] suitable for disposal or reuse [usually as farm fertilizer].

Using advanced technology it is now possible to re-use sewage effluent for drinking water, although Singapore is the only country to implement such technology on a production scale in its production of New Water.


TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness WWTP On-Site Draft Studies North San Diego County, California USA

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resort Properties, Santec On-Site WWTP Package Plants California & Arizona, USA Edgemon


Since its beginning in 1987, Santec Corporation has specialized in building small to medium sized wastewater treatment plants for developments without access to municipal sewer.

Santec Corporation consults World-Wide in the development and operation of sewer utilities for residential communities, business parks, individual businesses and factory facilities.





TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA On-Site Wastewater Treatment Facilities Santec Edgemon USA

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts and Communities On-Site Wastewater Treatment Plants USA

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts and Communities USA On-Site Wastewater Treatment Plants and Facilities Santec Flagstaff Studies, Edgemon USA

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA On-Site Wastewater Treatment Plants USA Santec & Edgemon Ops. Southern California & Arizona USA

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts On-Site Wastewater Treatment Plants and Facilities Santec Colorado, So.Cal & Arzizona USA Edgemon

.050 mgd

.100 mgd



TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA Golf Villas DMR&S On-Site waste Water Treatment Facilities Prototypical Southern California USA

Visit Santec Off Site Web Presence






TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Representational On-Site Vegetive Assets, North San Diego County, California USA
TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre Representational On-Site Vegetive Assets Exhibits Edgemon North San Diego County, California USA
TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre On-Site Representational Vegetive Assets Recordings Edgemon North San Diego County, California USA

Cedrus deodora

Quercus sp.  Mid-Branching

Quercus sp.  Upper-Branching


TBNC Edgemon DMR&S Health & Wellness Centre Site Views Nursery Property Easterly View North San Diego County, California USA Edgemon Credit


An Exhaustive Site Conditions Assessment has been conducted by experienced professional horticulturists to quantify and qualify the existing native and indigenous specimen trees within the proposed development area, further identified as the building and grading area footprint.

Twenty-two [22] on-site specimen trees have been identified, categorized, appraised and field-estimated measured.




H x W






Quercus specie

18' x 14'

Double Trunk Full Figure 

Satisfactory Condition



Cedrus deodora

28' x 18.5'

Broadcasting Style

Good Condition



Quercus specie

26' x 16'

Single Trunk near Standard Class

Satisfactory Condition



Quercus specie

24' x 13.5'

Single Trunk near Standard Class

Satisfactory Condition



Quercus specie

24' x 18'

Multi-Trunk @ Mid-Bifurcate 10 Ft.

Satisfactory Condition



Quercus specie

22' x 16'

Multi-Trunk @ Mid-Bifurcate 8.5 Ft.

Satisfactory Condition



Quercus specie

24' x 20'

Full Display Specimen Multiple

Excellent Condition



Quercus specie

22' x 18.5'

Full Display Specimen Multiple

Very Good Condition



Pinus canariensis

24' x 14'

Single Trunk / Spreading Mid-Section

Good Condition



Quercus specie

14' x 10'

Multiple Trunk Low Trifucate 8 Ft.

Satisfactory Condition



Quercus specie

12' x 10'

Full Display Multiple Trifurcate 6 Ft.

Satisfactory Condition



Quercus specie

12' x 10'

Full Display Multiple Trifurcate 6 Ft.

Satisfactory Condition



Quercus specie

10' x 8'

Younger Indigenous Multiple Bush-Like

Good Condition



Quercus specie

14' x 12'

Dense Low Branching Young Multiple

Very Good Condition



Quercus specie

26' x 22'

Dense Mature Multiple Mid-Bifurcate 12 Ft.

Excellent Condition



Quercus specie

16' x 12.5'

Dense Multiple Mid-Bifurcate 9 Ft.

Very Good Condition



Quercus specie

10' x 6.5'

Younger Indigenous Multiple Bush-Like

Satisfactory Condition



Quercus specie

8' x 6.5'

Younger Indigenous Multiple Bush-Like

Satisfactory Condition



Quercus specie

24' x 18'

Full Display Multiple Character Mid-Trifurcate  8 Ft.

Very Good Condition



Quercus specie

8' x 6.5'

Younger Indigenous Multiple Bush-Like

Satisfactory Condition



Quercus specie

6' x 5'

Younger Indigenous Multiple Bush-Like

Satisfactory Condition



Quercus specie

12' x 8.5'

Younger Indigenous Multiple Bush Bifurcate 5.5 Ft.

Satisfactory Condition



A comprehensive cost study has been prepared reflecting the estimated investment required to professionally containerize the subject candidate trees and prepare the "environmental assets" for site relocation and installation at the time of resort development and site construction.


The Site Study, Field reports, Field Notes, and Draft Study data is available for review at the TBNC Office, Carlsbad, California.









TBNc Edgemon Recreational Resorts Riverside Aerodrome City of Riverside Logo Credits, Mixed-Use Joint-Use Site Development Golf Traing Academy Operations USA Edgemon

Riverside, California
City of Arts & Innovation

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Properties California USA Riverside California Aerodrome Airport Joint-Use Public Parklands Development, Logo Credit Edgemon


With a population of more than three hundred thousand [300,000], the City of Riverside is ranked as the twelfth [12th] largest city in California and the sixth [6th] largest city in Southern California. The City is the seat of the second [2nd] fastest growing county in the nation and leads the region known as the Inland Empire in virtually every measure of economic power.

Riverside’s location positions it as one of Southern California’s major transportation hubs. The City is accessible via Interstate 215, the Riverside 91 and 60 Freeways and BNSF and UPSP railroads. Riverside is home to four nationally recognized higher education institutions, supporting a student population of fifty thousand [50,000]. As the home of several exciting events such as The Riverside Festival of Lights, Smithsonian Week and Mariachi Festival, Riverside is the perfect place to live, learn, work and play.

Whether you are visiting Riverside for business or leisure, the City offers a variety of rooms, meeting facilities and a host of amenities sure to please any traveler. More than five hundred [500] first-class hotel rooms are within walking distance from the Riverside Convention Center and the downtown area. There are five hundred [500] more just a short drive away.

From high-end luxury to simple and economical, Riverside has the right accommodations for your perfect stay while in town.

TBNC Edgemon Golf University & Lodging @ Riverside Airport, California Draft Site Plan Studies & Configurations Edgemon Commercial Properties


TBNC Edgemon Recreational Communities USA Riverside Municipal Airport Joint-Use Public Parklands Community Planning & Development California USA Edgemon

Welcome to the Future of Corporate Aviation in Southern California


Riverside Airport has become the leading destination for corporate and business aviation in Southern California's Inland Empire.

This Region, separate and distinct from the greater Los Angeles area fifty [50] miles to our west, is home to four million people and a forty [$40b] billion dollar annual economy. And the most exciting part is that Riverside Airport is in the center of it all.

With complete landing and navigation systems for all-weather conditions, full conference and catering facilities as well as every level of pilot and aircraft services, this first-class destination is handling the rapidly growing business aviation demands of our region.


Unlike the Los Angeles basin and coastal airports, Riverside has uncongested airspace, complete local political support, no noise mitigation problems and room for expansion.

Easily handling our 110,000 annual flight operations, this tower-controlled airfield provides immediate entry into the center of Southern California's most exciting region, or a convenient departure point for the Pacific Rim, Mexico, or any other business destination in North America.

Riverside Municipal Airport[IATA: RAL, ICAO: KRAL, FAA LID: RAL, also known as Riverside Airport [and formerly as Riverside Arlington Airport], is a public airport located four miles (6 km) southwest of the central business district of Riverside, the county seat of Riverside County, California, United States

The airport is located in the Inland Empire, a region with a population of over four million [4,000,000] people.

Riverside Municipal Airport has been the home to Civil Air Patrol Squadron 5 since 2005.

Riverside Municipal Airport covers five hundred twenty-five [525] acres (212 ha) and has two runways and one helipad:


Runway 9/27:  5,400 x 100 ft. (1,646 x 30 m), Surface: Asphalt

Runway 16/34:  2,850 x 48 ft. (869 x 15 m), Surface: Asphalt

Helipad H1:   60 x 60 ft. (18 x 18 m), Surface: Asphalt


Riverside Airport's full service runways feature ILS, GPS, and VOR approaches for all-weather arrivals and departures.

The main runway, RWY 9-27, accommodates Gulfstream V, Dassault Falcon 50, Bombardier Challenger, Cessna Citation X and similar business-class aircraft. The Airport's current Master Plan will lengthen this runway to 6,153 feet [1,875 m] in the near future. Runway 27 is also served by a Visual Approach Slope Indicator [VASI].

The crosswind runway, RWY 16-34, is suited for cabin-class aircraft and smaller in crosswind conditions from the north. Runway 34 is also served by a Precision Approach Path Indicator.


TBNC Edgemon Campus Hotels & Resorts, Riverside Airport Mixed-Use Recreational Community Site Planning, California USA Edgemon

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts Riverside Airport USA Joint-Use Commercial Resort Properties Accomodations Legend, California USA Edgemon

TBNC Edgemon Riverside Airport Recreational Sports and Golf Academy Training Center, West of Aerodrome, Riverside, California USA Edgemon



Make your next event one to be remembered! Riverside has a diverse collection of venues ready to accommodate five [5] to 1,500 guests for weddings, meetings, celebrations, dinners and much more.

Make your next event one to be remembered for a lifetime! Riverside has a diverse collection of venues ready to accommodate all of your event needs. Find event venues for weddings, meetings, celebrations, dinners and much more right here in Riverside.



TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts & Spas Development California Par Course Plarkland Program at Riverside Aerodrome California USA Edgemon

A fitness trail [more recently known as outdoor exercise equipment and also known as a parcourse] consists of a path or course equipped with obstacles or stations distributed along its length for exercising the human body to promote good health.

The course is designed to promote physical fitness training in the style attributed to Georges Hébert.

In general, fitness trails can be natural or man made, located in areas such as forest, transportation rights-of-way, parks, or urban settings. Equipment exists to provide specific forms of physiological exercise, and can consist of natural features including climbable rocks, trees, and river embankments, or manufactured products [stepping posts, chin-up and climbing bars] designed to provide similar physical challenges.

The degree of difficulty of a course is determined by terrain slope, trail surface [dirt, grass, gravel, etc.], obstacle height [walls] or length [crawls] and other features.

Urban parcourses tend to be flat, to permit participation by the elderly, and to accommodate cyclists, runners, skaters and walking. The new concept of an outdoor gym, containing traditional gym equipment specifically designed for outdoor use, is also considered to be a development of the parcourse. These outdoor exercise gyms include moving parts and often made from galvanized metal.



TBNC Edgemon Recreational Golf Academy & Spa resort at The Riverside International Airport, edgemon Properties, Fitness Course Program, California USA Edgemon
800.669.2585 CONTACT     ·   800.729.2483  FACSIMILE

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts of America @ Riverside Airport California Edgemon Resort Properties, Par Course Stations, Seniors USA


According to the population reference bureau, by the year 2030, approximately four out of ten Americans will be age 50 or older. As people age, they are more susceptible to health challenges. But adults who remain active are able to keep their heart muscles strong, lower their blood pressure and enjoy better mental and emotional well-being.

TBNC Edgemon Resort & Recreational Properties Par Course Stations at Aerodrome Park, California USA


TBNC Edgemon Recreational & Resorts Properties USA ADA Compliancy Public Parklnads at Riverside Aerodrome Airport Golf Academy California USA

The following information is a general guide to making a playground accessible. There is currently new proposed Accessibility Guidelines for Public Playgrounds circulating through Washington D.C. that, when approved, will apply to all public playgrounds in the U.S.

This information is a general outline of what the proposed law will address, assuming it does not change significantly from its current wording.

What is the ADA?

Federal law passed in 1990 by 101st Congress and President George Bush. Prohibits discrimination against the disabled in areas intended for public use. Intent: to remove barriers which keep disabled people from participating in all aspects of our society.

Whose Playgrounds and Parklands are Covered by the ADA?

State and Local Governments

City and State Parks

Public Schools

Public Accommodations and Commercial Facilities

Public Child Care Facilities

Private Schools

Private Child Care Facilities

Restaurants and Meeting Spaces

Residential Developments



Riverside's diverse array of dining destinations is well-suited to fulfill anyone’s desired taste! The City has a multitude of dining options that range from trendy downtown cafes to fine dining establishments.

Riverside also offers a vibrant nightlife, from dinner clubs with entertainment and dancing to outdoor shopping centers with strolling areas and café culture. The Press Enterprise puts out a special section every Friday called “The Guide” that features the latest news on Riverside’s hot spots. Whether you’re looking for a quiet evening or a lively night out, Riverside has something to offer everyone!






TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts, Commercial & Residential Communities with Active Recreation, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Enginners, San Diego, California USA





Parcel Size

434,800 Square Feet


33,800 Square Feet

Parcel Acreage

9.98 Acres


22,400 Square Feet

Existing Zoning



  5,200 Square Feet

Proposed Zoning



12,400 Square Feet

Building Footprint

85,400 Square Feat


  4,800 Square Feet

Building Percentage

20 Percent


  6,800 Square Feet 

Parking Automobile




Parking ADA Handicap




Parking; Truck & Freight









Parcel Size

277,280 Square Feet

Parcel Size

213,120 Square Feet

Parcel Acreage

6.41 Acres

Parcel Acreage

4.93 Acres

Existing Zoning

RM - B - SP

Existing Zoning

RM - A -SP

Proposed Zoning

RM - B - SP

Proposed Zoning

RM - A -SP

Dwelling Units Allowed

96.15 Units

Dwelling Units Allowed

48.8 Units

Dwelling Units Proposed

64 Units  [8 Units ADA Compliant]

Dwelling Units Proposed

36 Units [6 ADA Compliant]




Natural Gas Service

San Diego Gas & Electric Company [Sempra]

Electrical Service

San Diego Gas & Electric Company [Sempra]

Potable Water Service

City of Oceanside

Reclaimed Water Service [Future]

City of Oceanside

Waste Water [Sewer] Management

City of Oceanside


AT&T [Formerly Pacific Bell]

CATV / IT Services

Cox Communications

Fire Protection & EMS

City of Oceanside

Police Authority

City of Oceanside

Elementary School District

Vista Unified School District

Secondary School District

Vista Unified School District






TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts USA Environmental Planning & Site Engineering Masonry Construction Management ProgramsVisit MCAA Off Site

The Mason Contractors Association of America [MCAA] is the national trade association representing mason contractors. The MCAA is committed to preserving and promoting the masonry industry by providing continuing education, advocating fair codes and standards, fostering a safe work environment, recruiting future manpower, and marketing the benefits of masonry materials.


TBNC Edgemon USA Recreational Resorts Environmental Planning & Site Development, Construction Management, Toooo, California USA Edgemon 274107

Masonry is the building of structures from individual units laid in and bound together by mortar; the term masonry can also refer to the units themselves. The common materials of masonry construction are brick, stone, marble, granite, travertine, limestone, cast stone, concrete block, glass block, stucco, and tile.

Masonry is generally a highly durable form of construction. However, the materials used, the quality of the mortar and workmanship, and the pattern in which the units are assembled can significantly affect the durability of the overall masonry construction. Masonry units, such as brick, tile, stone, glass brick or concrete block generally conform to the requirements specified in the 2003 International Building Code [IBC] Section 2103.


Masonry is commonly used for the walls of buildings, retaining walls and monuments.

Brick and concrete block are the most common types of masonry in use in industrialized nations and may be either weight-bearing or a veneer.

Concrete blocks, especially those with hollow cores, offer various possibilities in masonry construction. They generally provide great compressive strength, and are best suited to structures with light transverse loading when the cores remain unfilled. Filling some or all of the cores with concrete or concrete with steel reinforcement [typically rebar] offers much greater tensile and lateral strength to structures.



The use of material such as bricks and stones can increase the thermal mass of a building.

Brick typically will not require painting and so can provide a structure with reduced life-cycle costs.

Masonry is very heat resistant and thus provides good fire protection.

Masonry walls are more resistant to projectiles, such as debris from hurricanes or tornadoes.

Masonry structures built in compression preferably with lime mortar can have a useful life of more than 500 years as compared to 30 to 100 for structures of steel or reinforced concrete.



A masonry veneer wall consists of masonry units, usually clay-based bricks, installed on one or both sides of a structurally independent wall usually constructed of good or masonry. In this context the brick masonry is primarily decorative, not structural.

The brick veneer is generally connected to the structural wall by brick ties [metal strips that are attached to the structural wall, as well as the mortar joints of the brick veneer]. There is typically an air gap between the brick veneer and the structural wall. As clay-based brick is usually not completely waterproof, the structural wall will often have a water-resistant surface [usually tar paper] and weep holes can be left at the base of the brick veneer to drain moisture that accumulates inside the air gap. Concrete blocks, real and cultured stones, and veneer adobe are sometimes used in a very similar veneer fashion.

Most insulated buildings that utilize concrete block, brick, adobe, stone, veneers or some combination thereof feature interior insulation in the form of fiberglass batts between wooden wall studs or in the form of rigid insulation boards covered with plaster or drywall. In most climates this insulation is much more effective on the exterior of the wall, allowing the building interior to take advantage of the aforementioned thermal mass of the masonry. This technique does, however, require some sort of weather-resistant exterior surface over the insulation and, consequently, is generally more expensive.



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an interdisciplinary planning & design collaboration

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760.729.9231 CORPORATE    ·    760.434.5869 FACSIMILE



© 2008-2021 COPYRIGHT

All components and elements depicted within this publication, including the design, configuration, narrative and discussions,
and the presentation in abstract, unless otherwise stated, is the sole property of TBNC.

Copyright and other Intellectual Property Laws protect this material.

Reproduction or transmission of this material, in whole or in part, in any manner, without the prior written consent
of the copyright holder, is a violation of copyright law.